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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 5, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 1966
  • pp: 899–904

The Remote Surveillance of Forest Fires

Ralph A. Wilson  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 5, Issue 6, pp. 899-904 (1966)

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The radiometric considerations for fifteen forest fire surveillance and detection systems are reviewed. The system response is optimized in the 3–6-μ spectral region. A formulation of system noise-equivalent temperature is presented in terms of operational performance requirements and start-of-the-art component parameters. The radiometric criteria are investigated for detection of incipient forest fires and mapping of terrain background. Obscuration of fire targets by timber canopies is discussed. A prototype fire detection system based on these considerations is being evaluated.

© 1966 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: February 17, 1966
Published: June 1, 1966

Ralph A. Wilson, "The Remote Surveillance of Forest Fires," Appl. Opt. 5, 899-904 (1966)

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  1. S. N. Hirsch, “Possible Applications of Electronic Devices to Forest Fire Detection.” U.S. Forest Serv., Intermountain Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Res. Note No. 91, 8 pp. (1962).
  2. S. N. Hirsch, in Proceedings of the Western Forest Fire Committee. (WF and C Assn., Portland, Ore., 1964).
  3. S. N. Hirsch, in Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1962), p. 295.
  4. W. R. Fredrickson, N. Ginsburg, R. Paulson, “Infrared Spectral Emissivity of Terrain.” Final Rept. Syracuse Univ. Res. Inst., ASTIA Doc. No. AD 155552, WADC-TR-58–2229 (1958).
  5. C. F. Campen, A. E. Cole, T. P. Condron, W. S. Ripley, N. Sissenwine, I. Solomon, U.S. Air Force, Handbook of Geophysics (The Macmillan Co., New York, 1961), rev. ed.
  6. R. C. Jones, D. Goodwin, G. Pullan, “Standard Procedure for Testing Infrared Devices”, Office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering (Sept.1960).

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