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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 5, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1966
  • pp: 1211–1223

Rotating Prism Design for Continuous Image Compensation Cameras

J. H. Waddell  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 5, Issue 7, pp. 1211-1223 (1966)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.5.001211


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Abstract

The rotating prisms used in high-speed motion-picture cameras have been designed empirically since their first use thirty-two years ago. During that period, there have been advances made in glass technology and fabrication which have resulted in the production of better images. This paper summarizes the latest state of the art wherein it is demonstrated that prism design should not be confined to the D line of the spectrum, but expanded to cover the uv and ir portions of the spectrum. The prism design shall cover: (1) selection of the average angle of incidence for exposure; (2) the choice of glass or other transparent media; (3) the correlationship between image and film velocity; and (4) discussion of the inherent aberrations, namely, nonlinear distortion, sagittal and tangential coma, prismatic astigmatism, change in back focus due to prism rotation; (5) shuttering action; and (6) aperture design. There have only been fragmentary data published on the subject to date. It is necessary to secure this thirty years’ experience before this datum is forever lost. Recommendation for future action is made, including computer studies for optimization of design.

© 1966 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 13, 1964
Published: July 1, 1966

Citation
J. H. Waddell, "Rotating Prism Design for Continuous Image Compensation Cameras," Appl. Opt. 5, 1211-1223 (1966)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-5-7-1211

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