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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 5, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1966
  • pp: 1325–1331

Image Velocity Sensing by Optical Correlation

J. T. Ator  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 5, Issue 8, pp. 1325-1331 (1966)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.5.001325


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Abstract

The technique of measuring the velocity of a moving image by means of a parallel-slit spatial filter is treated as continuous optical correlation processing. This technique is compared with other approaches to measuring image velocity by correlation and is shown to be a special case where the image displacement necessary for the correlation measurement is held constant and the time interval required to traverse this fixed distance is measured. The time measurement is accomplished inherently in terms of the frequency of the periodic signal generated by the image motion. Based on a derived mathematical model of the process and the characteristics of spatial filters, some conclusions are drawn about the way various parameters affect signal quality and continuity.

© 1966 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 1, 1965
Published: August 1, 1966

Citation
J. T. Ator, "Image Velocity Sensing by Optical Correlation," Appl. Opt. 5, 1325-1331 (1966)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-5-8-1325


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References

  1. J. T. Ator, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1416 (1963). [CrossRef]
  2. C. E. Hendix, in Conference Proceedings of the National Institute of Radio Engineers Military Electronic Conference (Institute of Radio Engineers, New York, 1962), p. 140.
  3. P. A. Button, P. E. Mallory, S. B. Boor, in Proceedings of the National Specialists Meeting on Guidance of Aerospace Vehicles (Institute of Aeronautical Sciences, New York, 1960).
  4. B. Miller, Aviation Week Space Technol. 72, 81 (1960).
  5. R. C. Jennison, Fourier Transforms and Convolutions for the Experimentalist (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1961), pp. 82–84.
  6. J. D. Finley, “Terrain Spectral Radiance Experiment,” USAF Tech. Report AFAL-TR-65-30 (April1965), p. 10.
  7. T. W. Miller, Phot. Eng. 31, 486 (1965).
  8. L. E. Watson, Aerospace Corporation (private communication, 1965).

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