OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 10 — Apr. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1333–1337

Single-cell gap-transflective liquid crystal display using two optical modes of a bistable liquid crystal

Phil Kook Son, Jonghoon Yi, Jin Hyuk Kwon, and Jin Seog Gwag  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 10, pp. 1333-1337 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.001333


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (723 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a single-cell gap-transflective liquid crystal display (LCD) characterized by a π cell having bulk-type liquid crystal (LC) bistability and an optical film configuration. The π cell has two stable states, which are a twisted and a nontwisted LC state. We used the twisted LC state for the reflective part connected with nonpatterned electrodes, producing a vertical field in the proposed transflective LCD. Also the nontwisted LC state was for the transmissive part with interdigitated patterned electrodes driving an in-plane field in the device. The simulated and experimental results show good electro-optical characteristics in both the reflective and transmissive parts.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: December 1, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 22, 2011
Published: March 24, 2011

Citation
Phil Kook Son, Jonghoon Yi, Jin Hyuk Kwon, and Jin Seog Gwag, "Single-cell gap-transflective liquid crystal display using two optical modes of a bistable liquid crystal," Appl. Opt. 50, 1333-1337 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-10-1333


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895–3897 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881–2883 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Miyashita, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle display mode using bend-alignment liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, L177–L179 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-domain hybrid-aligned nematic cell fabricated by ion beam treatment of vertical alignment layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express 16, 2663–2668 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A mutimode-type transflective liquid crystal display using the hybrid-aligned nematic and parallel rubbed vertically aligned modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, J.-H. Kim, H. J. Lee, and M. H. Yi, “Single-mode transflective liquid crystal display tailored for wide-band single gamma curve,” Opt. Express 16, 18102–18108 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. J. Lim, J. H. Song, and S. H. Lee, “Transflective liquid crystal display with single cell gap and single gamma curve,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3080–3081 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective liquid crystal display with single cell gap in patterned vertically aligned mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830(2006). [CrossRef]
  14. Y.-J. Lee, S.-G. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide viewing transflective liquid crystal display with a patterned electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225(2007). [CrossRef]
  15. J.-X. Guo, Z.-G. Meng, M. Wong, and H.-S. Kwok, “Three-terminal bistable twisted nematic liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3716–3718 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. C. G. Jhun, C. P. Chen, U. J. Lee, S. R. Lee, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Tristate liquid crystal display with memory and dynamic operating mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 123507(2006). [CrossRef]
  17. P. J. Bos and K. R. Koehler-Beran, “A fast liquid-crystal optical-switching device,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 113, 329–339(1984). [CrossRef]
  18. G. P. Bryan-Brown, C. V. Brown, J. C. Jones, E. L. Wood, I. C. Sage, P. Brett, and J. Ruding, “Grating aligned bistable nematic device,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for Information Display, 1997), pp. 37–40.
  19. I. Dozov, M. Nobili, and G. Durand, “Fast bistable nematic display using monostable surface switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1179–1181 (1997). [CrossRef]
  20. J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504(2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited