OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2011
  • pp: 1640–1649

Full characterization of a high-power semiconductor disk laser beam with simultaneous capture of optimally sized focus and farfield

Carl Borgentun, Jörgen Bengtsson, and Anders Larsson  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 12, pp. 1640-1649 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1248 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on a beam characterization method that is based on the simultaneous measurement of the focus field and the farfield, thus avoiding problems with beam fluctuations during the measurement. By using reflections from both sides of a planoconvex lens, the method implements two branches of an optical system working simultaneously. Also, by letting the planoconvex lens be antireflection treated, and by allowing for both of the reflected fields to fill large and approximately equal areas on a camera detector array, the method significantly lowers the intensity onto the detector array, thus minimizing the need for additional disturbing attenuation filters to avoid camera saturation. In the numerical retrieval of the phase distribution, based on the measured intensity distributions of the focus and farfield, iterative propagation between the two branches is performed. The phase retrieval uses the two-step algorithm for the numerical field propagation conveniently providing an arbitrary choice of sampling distance in each plane.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.5070) Image processing : Phase retrieval
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(140.3295) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam characterization

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: November 11, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 28, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: February 4, 2011
Published: April 11, 2011

Carl Borgentun, Jörgen Bengtsson, and Anders Larsson, "Full characterization of a high-power semiconductor disk laser beam with simultaneous capture of optimally sized focus and farfield," Appl. Opt. 50, 1640-1649 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Sandusky and S. Brueck, “A CW external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 313–315(1996). [CrossRef]
  2. B. Rudin, A. Rutz, M. Hoffmann, D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, E. Gini, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Highly efficient optically pumped vertical-emitting semiconductor laser with more than 20 W average output power in a fundamental transverse mode,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2719–2721 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, J. M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. W. Koch, B. Kunert, and W. Stolz, “High-power optically pumped semiconductor laser at 1040 nm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 661–663 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Chilla, Q.-Z. Shu, H. Zhou, E. Weiss, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “Recent advances in optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 645109 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. A. E. Siegman, “Defining, measuring, and optimizing laser beam quality,” Proc. SPIE 1868, 2 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. P. Roth, A. Maclean, A. Kemp, S. Calvez, M. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Efficiency and beam quality analysis of a semiconductor disk laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2008 (CLEO 2008), Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CWD3. [PubMed]
  7. T. Johnston, Jr., “Beam propagation (M2) measurement made as easy as it gets: The four-cuts method,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4840–4850 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. J. V. Sheldakova, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Y. Zavalova, and T. Y. Cherezova, “Beam quality measurements with Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor and M2-sensor: Comparison of two methods,” Proc. SPIE 6452, 645207 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Gerchberg and W. Saxton, “Practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–250 (1972).
  10. J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval algorithms: A comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758–2769 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Matsuoka and K. Yamakawa, “Wavefront reconstruction from intensity measurements using Fresnel phase retrieval method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, L1183–L1185 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Matsuoka and K. Yamakawa, “Wave-front measurements of terawatt-class ultrashort laser pulses by the Fresnel phase-retrieval method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 663–667 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Dooghin, N. Kundikova, and B. Zel’dovich, “Phase retrieval from laser beam intensity profiles,” Opt. Commun. 91, 193–196 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. L. Bruel, “Numerical phase retrieval from beam intensity measurements in three planes,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 590–598(2003). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Jonas, A. Kuczewski, and C. Thorn, “An improved phase retrieval algorithm for coherent beams,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThL35.
  16. J. R. Fienup, “Phase-retrieval algorithms for a complicated optical system,” Appl. Opt. 32, 1737–1746 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. G. Lofdahl, R. L. Kendrick, A. Harwit, K. E. Mitchell, A. L. Duncan, J. H. Seldin, R. G. Paxman, and D. S. Acton, “Phase diversity experiment to measure piston misalignment on the segmented primary mirror of the Keck II telescope,” Proc. SPIE 3356, 1190–1201 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. J. T. Verdeyen, Laser Electronics, 3rd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1995).
  19. F. Wyrowski, “Diffractive optical elements: Iterative calculation of quantized, blazed phase structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 961–969 (1990). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Liu, A. Caley, and M. Taghizadeh, “Symmetrical iterative Fourier-transform algorithm using both phase and amplitude freedoms,” Opt. Commun. 267, 347–355 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996).
  22. C. Rydberg and J. Bengtsson, “Efficient numerical representation of the optical field for the propagation of partially coherent radiation with a specified spatial and temporal coherence function,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1616–1625 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. X. Deng, B. Bihari, J. Gan, F. Zhao, and R. T. Chen, “Fast algorithm for chirp transforms with zooming-in ability and its applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 762–771 (2000). [CrossRef]
  24. J. R. Fienup, “Invariant error metrics for image reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8352–8357 (1997). [CrossRef]
  25. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited