OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2011
  • pp: 3268–3274

Tunable solid-body elastomer lenses with electromagnetic actuation

Peter Liebetraut, Sebastian Petsch, Wolfgang Mönch, and Hans Zappe  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 19, pp. 3268-3274 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.003268


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (804 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present novel biconvex solid-body elastomer (polydimethylsiloxane) lenses, which can be tuned in focal length by using magnetic or mechanical actuation. The focal length change is induced by applying radial elastic strain and is investigated for different initial radii of curvature of the lenses and different actuation designs. In all cases, a linear correlation between induced strain and focal length tuning, in the range of about 10% (approximately 3 mm ), is found. These results compare favorably with finite element simulations.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(220.3630) Optical design and fabrication : Lenses
(220.1080) Optical design and fabrication : Active or adaptive optics

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: February 14, 2011
Revised Manuscript: April 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: April 21, 2011
Published: June 29, 2011

Citation
Peter Liebetraut, Sebastian Petsch, Wolfgang Mönch, and Hans Zappe, "Tunable solid-body elastomer lenses with electromagnetic actuation," Appl. Opt. 50, 3268-3274 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-19-3268


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. Berge and J. Peseux, “Variable focal lens controlled by an external voltage: an application of electrowetting,” Eur. Phys. J. E 3, 159–163 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Choi, J.-H. Park, J.-H. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a focal length variable microlens array based on a nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. 21, 643–646 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Ren, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Liquid-crystal microlens arrays using patterned polymer networks,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1608–1610 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C.-C. Cheng, C. A. Chang, and J. A. Yeh, “Variable focus dielectric liquid droplet lens,” Opt. Express 14, 4101–4106 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Agarwal, R. A. Gunasekaran, P. Coane, and K. Varahramyan, “Polymer-based variable focal length microlens system,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 14, 1665–1673 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Werber and H. Zappe, “Tunable microfluidic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3238–3245 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D.-Y. Zhang, V. Lien, Y. Berdichevsky, J. Choi, and Y.-H. Lo, “Fluidic adaptive lens with high focal length tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3171–3172 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. F. Schneider, C. Muller, and U. Wallrabe, “Low-cost adaptive silicone membrane lens,” J. Opt. A 10, 044002(2008). [CrossRef]
  9. L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, “Adaptive liquid microlenses activated by stimuli-responsive hydrogels,” Nature 442, 551–554 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S.-Y. Lee, H.-W. Tung, W.-C. Chen, and W. Fang, “Thermal actuated solid tunable lens,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2191–2193 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. T.Hahn, ed., International Tables for Crystallography, Vol.  A: Space-Group Symmetry (Springer, 2002)

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited