OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2011
  • pp: 3412–3418

Automated optimization of an aspheric light-emitting diode lens for uniform illumination

Xiaoxia Luo, Hua Liu, Zhenwu Lu, and Yao Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 20, pp. 3412-3418 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (966 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper, an automated optimization method in the sequential mode of ZEMAX is proposed in the design of an aspheric lens with uniform illuminance for an LED source. A feedback modification is introduced in the design for the LED extended source. The user-defined merit function is written out by using ZEMAX programming language macros language and, as an example, optimum parameters of an aspheric lens are obtained via running an optimization. The optical simulation results show that the illumination efficiency and uniformity can reach 83% and 90%, respectively, on a target surface of 40 mm diameter and at 60 mm away for a 1 × 1 mm LED source.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3670) Optical devices : Light-emitting diodes
(220.2945) Optical design and fabrication : Illumination design
(080.4298) Geometric optics : Nonimaging optics

Original Manuscript: March 21, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 4, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: May 9, 2011
Published: July 1, 2011

Xiaoxia Luo, Hua Liu, Zhenwu Lu, and Yao Wang, "Automated optimization of an aspheric light-emitting diode lens for uniform illumination," Appl. Opt. 50, 3412-3418 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Parkyn and D. Pelka, “Free-form illumination lenses designed by a pseudo- rectangular lawnmower algorithm,” Proc. SPIE 6338, 633808 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. L. Wang, “Discontinuous free-form lens design for prescribed irradiance,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3716–3723 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Bortz, N. Shatz, and D. Pitou, “Optimal design of a nonimaging projection lens for use with an LED source and a rectangular target,” Proc. SPIE 4092, 130–138 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. B. A. Jacobson and R. D. Gengelbach, “Lens for uniform LED illumination: an example of automated optimization using Monte Carlo ray-tracing of an LED source,” Proc. SPIE 4446, 121–128 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kudaev and P. Schreiber, “Automated optimization of non-imaging optics for luminaires,” Proc. SPIE 5962, 59620B(2005). [CrossRef]
  6. W. Z. Zhang, Q. X. Liu, H. F. Gao, and F. H. Yu, “Free-form reflector optimization for general lighting,” Opt. Eng. 49, 063003 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Ries, “Tailored freeform optical surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 590–595 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Ries and J. Muschaweck, “Tailoring freeform lenses for illumination,” Proc. SPIE 4442, 43–50 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Ding, X. Liu, Z. R. Zheng, and P. F. Gu, “Freeform LED lens for uniform illumination,” Opt. Express 16, 12958–12966(2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Ding and P. F. Gu, “Freeform reflector for uniform illumination,” Acta Optica Sinica 27, 540–544 (2007).
  11. Z. R. Zheng, X. Hao, and X. Liu, “Freeform surface lens for LED uniform illumination,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6627–6634 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Chen, S. Liu, K. Wang, Z. Y. Liu, and X. B. Luo, “Free-form lenses for high illumination quality light-emitting diode MR16 lamps,” Opt. Eng. 48, 123002 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Fournier and J. Rolland, “Optimization of freeform lightpipes for light-emitting-diode projectors,” Appl. Opt. 47, 957–966 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Luo, Z. X. Feng, Y. J. Han, and H. T. Li, “Design of compact and smooth free-form optical system with uniform illuminance for LED source,” Opt. Express 18, 9055–9063 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited