OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 2011
  • pp: D7–D11

Analysis of 1 ω bulk laser damage in KDP

David A. Cross and Christopher W. Carr  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 22, pp. D7-D11 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (429 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The influence of laser parameters on laser-induced damage in the bulk of KDP is difficult to determine because the damage manifests as discrete sites a few micrometers in diameter distributed throughout a relatively large volume of material. Here, we present a method to directly measure the size and location of many thousands of such sites and correlate them to the laser conditions that produced them. This technique is used to characterize the effects of pulse duration on damage initiated by 1053 nm light in the bulk of KDP crystals. We find that the density of damage sites produced by 1053 nm light is less sensitive to pulse duration than was previously reported for 526 nm and 351 nm light. In addition, the effect of pulse duration on the size of the damage sites produced appears insensitive to wavelength.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3330) Lasers and laser optics : Laser damage
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(140.3515) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, frequency doubled
(140.3538) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, pulsed

Original Manuscript: April 25, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 26, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 1, 2011
Published: July 6, 2011

David A. Cross and Christopher W. Carr, "Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP," Appl. Opt. 50, D7-D11 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 131901(2006). [CrossRef]
  2. R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Dynamics of material modifications following laser-breakdown in bulk fused silica,” Opt. Express 18, 10642–10649 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, and T. Sasaki, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 195–201 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Lamaignere, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, G. Raze, C. Meslin, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Accurate measurements of laser-induced bulk damage density,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 095701 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, D. W. Li, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “One-on-one and R-on-one tests on KDP and DKDP crystals with different orientations,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 087801 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Dyan, F. Enguehard, S. Lallich, H. Piombini, and G. Duchateau, “Scaling laws in laser-induced potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal damage by nanosecond pulses at 3ω,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1087–1095 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, B. Bertussi, M. Commandré, and C. Amra, “Toward an absolute measurement of LIDT,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 224–236 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1958–1962 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. J. J. Adams, J. A. Jarboe, M. D. Feit, and R. P. Hackel, “Comparison between S/1 and R/1 tests and damage density versus fluence [ρ(ϕ)] results for unconditioned and subnanosecond laser-conditioned KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672014(2007). [CrossRef]
  10. C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 127402 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, and G. C. Kennedy, “The effect of baking and pulsed laser irradiation on the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12–14 (1982). [CrossRef]
  12. G. H. Hu, Y. A. Zhao, S. T. Sun, D. W. Li, X. F. Liu, X. Sun, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Characteristics of 355 nm laser damage in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 097802 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. E. W. Van Stryland, M. J. Soileau, A. L. Smirl, and W. E. Williams, “Pulse-width and focal-volume dependence of laser-induced breakdown,” Phys. Rev. B 23, 2144–2151 (1981). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Reyne, G. Duchateau, N. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignere, “KDP crystal orientation influence on nanosecond laser-induced damage at 1064 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784210(2010). [CrossRef]
  15. A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5483–5495 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Dyan, F. Enguehard, S. Lallich, H. Piombini, and G. Duchateau, “Scaling laws in laser-induced potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal damage by nanosecond pulses at 3ω,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1087–1095 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. J. J. Adams, J. R. Bruere, M. Bolourchi, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, D. E. Hahn, J. A. Jarboe, L. A. Lane, R. L. Luthi, J. N. McElroy, A. M. Rubenchik, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, J. L. Vickers, T. L. Weiland, and D. A. Willard, “Wavelength and pulselength dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in doubler-cut KH2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911R(2006). [CrossRef]
  18. C. W. Carr and J. M. Auerbach, “Effect of multiple wavelengths on laser-induced damage in KH(2−x)DxPO4crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 595–597 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “Large-aperture, high-energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–332 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, H. Piomini, and B. Bertussi, “Influence of laser beam size and wavelength in the determination of LIDT and associated laser damage precursor densities in KH2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672016 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SIO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited