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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 2011
  • pp: 4611–4621

Polarized infrared emissivity of one-dimensional Gaussian sea surfaces with surface reflections

Hongkun Li, Nicolas Pinel, and Christophe Bourlier  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 23, pp. 4611-4621 (2011)

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Surface reflection is an important phenomenon that must be taken into account when studying sea surface infrared emissivity, especially at large observation angles. This paper models analytically the polarized infrared emissivity of one-dimensional sea surfaces with shadowing effect and one surface reflection, by assuming a Gaussian surface slope distribution. A Monte Carlo ray-tracing method is employed as a reference. It is shown that the present model agrees well with the reference method. The emissivity calculated by the present model is then compared with measurements. The comparisons show that agreements are greatly improved by taking one surface reflection into account. The Monte Carlo ray-tracing results of sea surface infrared emissivity with two and three reflections are also determined. Their contributions are shown to be negligible.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.5490) General : Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(260.3060) Physical optics : Infrared
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(290.5880) Scattering : Scattering, rough surfaces

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 20, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 13, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 16, 2011
Published: August 4, 2011

Hongkun Li, Nicolas Pinel, and Christophe Bourlier, "Polarized infrared emissivity of one-dimensional Gaussian sea surfaces with surface reflections," Appl. Opt. 50, 4611-4621 (2011)

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