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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 2011
  • pp: F12–F15

Noninverted images in inferior mirages

Siebren Y. van der Werf  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 28, pp. F12-F15 (2011)

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Inferior mirages over sun-exposed roads often appear in isolated strips at their near sides and the reflected scenery exhibits multiple images. This effect is explained as due to slight undulations of the road’s surface. At the same time, some of these images, although they are reflections, are not inverted. Photographic material illustrates this phenomenon and a ray tracing study is presented that confirms these conclusions.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(010.4030) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Mirages and refraction

Original Manuscript: May 10, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 12, 2011
Published: August 16, 2011

Siebren Y. van der Werf, "Noninverted images in inferior mirages," Appl. Opt. 50, F12-F15 (2011)

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  1. For parameterizations as a function of wavelength, see, e.g., D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 81st ed. (CRC Press, 2000).
  2. S. Y. van der Werf, “Ray tracing and refraction in the modified US1976 atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 42, 354–366 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Y. van der Werf, “Comment on ‘Improved ray tracing air mass numbers model’,” Appl. Opt. 47, 153–156 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Tränkle, “Simulation of inferior mirages observed at the Halligen Sea,” Appl. Opt. 37, 1495–1505 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Fakhruddin, “Specular reflection from a rough surface,” Phys. Teach. 41, 206–207 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. M. T. Tavassoly, A. Nahal, and Z. Ebadi, “Image formation in rough surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 238, 252–260 (2004). [CrossRef]

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