OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2011
  • pp: 5674–5687

Standing waves in fiber-optic interferometers

V. de Haan, R. Santbergen, M. Tijssen, and M. Zeman  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 29, pp. 5674-5687 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1512 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A study is presented giving the response of three types of fiber-optic interferometers by which a standing wave through an object is investigated. The three types are a Sagnac, Mach–Zehnder and Michelson–Morley interferometer. The response of the Mach–Zehnder interferometer is similar to the Sagnac interferometer. However, the Sagnac interferometer is much harder to study because of the fact that one input port and output port coincide. Further, the Mach–Zehnder interferometer has the advantage that the output ports are symmetric, reducing the systematic effects. Examples of standing wave light absorption in several simple objects are given. Attention is drawn to the influence of standing waves in fiber-optic interferometers with weak-absorbing layers incorporated. A method is described for how these can be theoretically analyzed and experimentally measured. Further experiments are needed for a thorough comparison between theory and experiment.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(350.7420) Other areas of optics : Waves

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: May 12, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 21, 2011
Published: October 5, 2011

V. de Haan, R. Santbergen, M. Tijssen, and M. Zeman, "Standing waves in fiber-optic interferometers," Appl. Opt. 50, 5674-5687 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. A. Jenkins and H. E. White, Fundamentals of Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1981).
  2. E. Hecht and A. Zajac, Optics (Addison–Wesley, 1979).
  3. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1995).
  4. J. E. M. Lekner, Theory of Reflection (Martinus Nijhoff, 1987).
  5. O. Wiener, “Stehende Lichtwellen und die Schwingungsrichtung polarisirten Lichtes,” Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 276, 203(1890). [CrossRef]
  6. H. E. Ives and T. C. Fry, “Standing light waves; repetition of an experiment by Wiener, using a photoelectric probe surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 73–83 (1933). [CrossRef]
  7. E. W. Silvertooth and S. F. Jacobs, “Standing wave sensor,” Appl. Opt. 22, 1274–1275 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Carraresi, E. A. De Souza, D. A. B. Miller, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Wavelength-selective detector based on a quantum well in a standing wave,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 134–136 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Sasaki, X. Mi, and K. Hane, “Standing wave detection and interferometer application using a photodiode thinner than optical wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2008 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. H.-J. Büchner, H. Stiebig, V. Mandryka, E. Bunte, and G. Jäger, “An optical standing-wave interferometer for displacement measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 311(2003). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Li, X. Mi, M. Sasaki, and K. Hane, “Precision optical displacement sensor based on ultra-thin film photodiode type optical interferometers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 479 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media in Vol. 8 of Course of Theoretical Physics, 2nd ed. (Elsevier, 1984).
  13. C. L. Chen, Foundations for Guided-Wave Optics (Wiley, 2007).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited