OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 3 — Jan. 20, 2011
  • pp: 313–317

Comparative study of femtosecond and nanosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of depleted uranium

Luke A. Emmert, Rosemarie C. Chinni, David A. Cremers, C. Randy Jones, and Wolfgang Rudolph  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 3, pp. 313-317 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.000313


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (427 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present spectra of depleted uranium metal from laser plasmas generated by nanosecond Nd:YAG ( 1064 nm ) and femtosecond Ti:sapphire ( 800 nm ) laser pulses. The latter pulses produce short-lived and relatively cool plasmas in comparison to the longer pulses, and the spectra of neutral uranium atoms appear immediately after excitation. Evidence for nonequilibrium excitation with femtosecond pulses is found in the dependence of spectral line intensities on the pulse chirp.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2120) Materials : Elements
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers
(300.6365) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser induced breakdown

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: June 17, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 15, 2010
Published: January 14, 2011

Citation
Luke A. Emmert, Rosemarie C. Chinni, David A. Cremers, C. Randy Jones, and Wolfgang Rudolph, "Comparative study of femtosecond and nanosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of depleted uranium," Appl. Opt. 50, 313-317 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-3-313


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Blaise and L. J. Radziemski, Jr., “Energy levels of neutral atomic uranium (UI),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 644–659 (1976). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, and C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117(1999). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Sarkar, D. Alamelu, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Determination of thorium and uranium in solution by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 47, G58–G64 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. R. C. Chinni, D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, M. Bostian, and C. Navarro-Northrup, “Detection of uranium using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 63, 1238–1250 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. D. Zimmerman and C. Loeb, “Dirty bombs: the threat revisited” (Defense Horizons 38:1−11, Jan. 2004) available at http://www.hps.org/documents/RDD_report.pdf. accessed December 2010.
  7. W. Pietsch, A. Petit, and A. Briand, “Isotope ratio determination of uranium by optical emission spectroscopy on a laser-produced plasma—basic investigations and analytical results,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53, 751–761 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. C. A. Smith, M. A. Martinez, D. K. Veirs, and D. A. Cremers, “Pu-239/Pu-240 isotope ratios determined using high resolution emission spectroscopy in a laser-induced plasma,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 929–937 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Bostian, D. A. Cremers, C. Randy Jones, G. M. Smith, R. J. Chiffelle, R. C. Chinni, and C. Navarro-Northrup, “Standoff detection of radiological, nuclear, and related materials using a transportable LIBS instrument,” submitted to Appl. Spectrosc.
  10. V. Margetic, A. Pakulev, A. Stockhaus, M. Bolshov, K. Niemax, and R. Hergenroder, “A comparison of nanosecond and femtosecond laser-induced plasma spectroscopy of brass samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B 55, 1771–1785 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. K. L. Eland, D. N. Stratis, D. M. Gold, S. R. Goode, and S. M. Angel, “Energy dependence of emission intensity and temperature in a LIBS plasma using femtosecond excitation,” Appl. Spectrosc. 55, 286–290 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, F. Vidal, S. Laville, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, T. W. Johnston, and O. Barthélemy, “Influence of the laser pulse duration on laser-produced plasma properties,” Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 13, 223–230 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. Ph. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Méjean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and W. Wöste, “Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437–444 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Gunaratne, M. Kangas, S. Singh, A. Gross, and M. Dantus, “Influence of bandwidth and phase shaping on laser induced breakdown spectroscopy with ultrashort laser pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423, 197–201 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Baudelet, L. Guyon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, T. Amodeo, E. Fréjafon, and P. Laloi, “Spectral signature of native CN bonds for bacterium detection and identification using femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 063901 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Dikmelik, C. McEnnis, and J. B. Spicer, “Femtosecond and nanosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of trinitrotoluene,” Opt. Express 16, 5332–5337 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. F. C. De Lucia, J. L. Gottfried, and A. W. Miziolek, “Evaluation of femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for explosive residue detection,” Opt. Express 17, 419–425 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Sabsabi, “Femtosecond LIBS,” in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, J.P.Singh and S.N.Thakur, eds. (Elsevier, 2007), pp. 151–171. [CrossRef]
  19. B. A. Palmer, R. A. Keller, and R. Engleman, Jr., “An atlas of uranium emissions intensities in a hollow cathode discharge,” LASL Rep. LA-8251-MS, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1980.
  20. D. W. Green, “Standard enthalpies of formation of gaseous thorium, uranium, and plutonium oxides,” Int. J. Thermophys. 1, 61–71 (1980). [CrossRef]
  21. M. C. Heaven, Department of Chemistry, Emory University, Atwood Hall 410, Atlanta Ga., 30322, USA (personal communication, 2009).
  22. E. Stoffels, P. van de Weijer, and J. van der Mullen, “Time-resolved emission from laser-ablated uranium,” Spectrochim. Acta B 46, 1459–1470 (1991). [CrossRef]
  23. S. M. Angel, D. N. Stratis, K. L. Eland, T. Lai, M. A. Berg, and D. M. Gold, “LIBS using dual- and ultra-short laser pulse,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 369, 320–327 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. W. Rieger, M. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for microanalysis using submillijoule UV laser pulses,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 689–697(2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited