OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2011
  • pp: 5905–5911

Near-IR absorption in high-purity photothermorefractive glass and holographic optical elements: measurement and application for high-energy lasers

Julien Lumeau, Larissa Glebova, and Leonid B. Glebov  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 30, pp. 5905-5911 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (296 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Volume Bragg gratings (VBGs) in photothermorefractive (PTR) glass are widely used for laser beam control including high-power laser systems. Among them, spectral beam combining based on VBGs is one of the most promising. Achieving 100 + kW of combined laser beams requires the development of PTR glass and VBGs with an extremely low absorption coefficient and therefore methods of its measurement. This paper describes the calorimetric method that was developed for measuring a low absorption coefficient in PTR glass and VBGs. It is based on transmission monitoring of the intrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometer produced by the plane-parallel surfaces of the measured optical elements when heated by high-power laser radiation. An absorption coefficient at 1085 nm as low as 5 × 10 5 cm 1 is demonstrated in pristine PTR glass while an absorption coefficient as low as 1 × 10 4 cm 1 is measured in high-efficiency reflecting Bragg gratings with highest purity. The actual level of absorption in PTR glass allows laser beam control at the 10 kW level, while the 100 kW level would require active cooling and/or decreasing the absorption in PTR Bragg gratings to a value similar to that in virgin PTR glass.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(160.2900) Materials : Optical storage materials
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: August 5, 2011
Revised Manuscript: September 13, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 13, 2011
Published: October 18, 2011

Julien Lumeau, Larissa Glebova, and Leonid B. Glebov, "Near-IR absorption in high-purity photothermorefractive glass and holographic optical elements: measurement and application for high-energy lasers," Appl. Opt. 50, 5905-5911 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. B. Glebov, “Volume hologram recording in inorganic glasses,” Glass Sci. Technol. 75, 73–90 (2002).
  2. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “High efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermo-refractive glass,” U.S. patent 6,673,497 (6 January 2004).
  3. L. Glebov, “Optimizing and stabilizing diode laser spectral parameters,” Photonics Spectra, 90–94 (January 2005), http://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx?AID=20819.
  4. O. Andrusyak, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, and L. Glebov, “Beam combining of lasers with high spectral density using volume Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2560–2563 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. O. Andrusyak, D. Drachenberg, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, and L. Glebov, “Fiber laser system with kW-level spectrally-combined output,” in 21st Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, SSDLTR-2008 Technical Digest (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2008), pp. 2–6.
  6. A. Sevian, O. Andrusyak, I. Ciapurin, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, and L. Glebov, “Efficient power scaling of laser radiation by spectral beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 33, 384–386 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. B. Rosenstock, “Absorption measurement by laser calorimetry,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 102–110 (1979). [CrossRef]
  8. W. Triebel, Ch. Mühlig, and S. Kufert, “Application of the laser induced deflection (LID) technique for low absorption measurements in bulk materials and coatings,” Proc. SPIE 5965, 499–508 (2005).
  9. K. L. Saenger, “Interferometric measurement of substrate heating induced by pulsed laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 63, 2522–2525 (1988). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Li, Y. Deng, and J. Cheng, “Sensitive photothermal interferometric detection method for characterization of transparent plate samples,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 3649–3657(1996). [CrossRef]
  11. K. L. Saenger, “An interferometric calorimeter for thin film thermal diffusivity measurements,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 1447–1452 (1989). [CrossRef]
  12. J. B. Gerardo and J. T. Verdeyen, “The laser interferometer: application to plasma diagnostics,” Proc. IEEE 52, 690–697 (1964). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Lumeau and M. Lequime, “Localized measurement of the optical thickness of a transparent window—application to the study of the photosensitivity of organic polymers,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1328–1332 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. A. Riza, M. Sheikh, and F. Perez, “Optical substrate thickness measurement system using hybrid fiber-free space optics and selective wavelength interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 269, 24–29 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Arkwright, D. Farrant, and J. Zhang, “Sub-nanometer metrology of optical wafers using an angle-scanned Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Opt. Express 14, 114–119 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Kennedy, D. Ristau, G. Dumitru, D. G. Sporea, and C. Timus, “Calibration procedures for a 10.6 μm laser calorimeter,” Proc. SPIE 3405, 1083–1087 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. L. B. Glebov and E. N. Boulos, “Absorption of iron and water in the Na2O–CaO–MgO–SiO2glasses. II. Selection of intrinsic, ferric, and ferrous spectra in the visible and UV regions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 49–62 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Deubener, H. Bornhöft, S. Reinsch, R. Müller, J. Lumeau, L. N. Glebova, and L. B. Glebov, “Viscosity, relaxation and elastic properties of photo-thermo-refractive glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 126–131 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. S. R. Nersisyan, N. V. Tabiryan, and C. Martin Stickley, “Characterization of glass and high-power near-infrared cw laser beams using nonlinear optical techniques,” Opt. Eng. 45, 104301 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. D. Moncke and D. Ehrt, “Irradiation induced defects in glasses resulting in the photoionization of polyvalent dopants,” Opt. Mater. 25, 425–437 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited