OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 35 — Dec. 10, 2011
  • pp: 6522–6525

Detection performance improvement of chirped amplitude modulation ladar based on Gieger-mode avalanche photoelectric detector

Zijing Zhang, Long Wu, Yu Zhang, Yuan Zhao, and Xiudong Sun  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 35, pp. 6522-6525 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (507 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



This paper presents an improved system structure of photon-counting chirped amplitude modulation (AM) ladar based on the Geiger-mode avalanche photoelectric detector (GmAPD). The error-pulse probability is investigated with statistical method. The research shows that most of the error pulses that are triggered by noise are distributed in the intensity troughs of the chirped AM waveform. The error-pulse probability is lowered with the sliding window and the threshold. With the average intensity of noise and signal being 0.3 count/sample and 1 count/sample, respectively, the probability of error pulses is reduced from 12% to 1.0%, and the SNR is improved by 2.2 dB in the improved system.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(040.3780) Detectors : Low light level
(320.1590) Ultrafast optics : Chirping
(040.1345) Detectors : Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: November 24, 2010
Revised Manuscript: March 9, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 13, 2011
Published: December 8, 2011

Zijing Zhang, Long Wu, Yu Zhang, Yuan Zhao, and Xiudong Sun, "Detection performance improvement of chirped amplitude modulation ladar based on Gieger-mode avalanche photoelectric detector," Appl. Opt. 50, 6522-6525 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Redman, W. Ruff, and M. Giza, “Photon counting chirped AM ladar: concept, simulation, and initial experimental results,” Proc. SPIE 6214, 62140P (2006).
  2. B. C. Redman, B. Stann, W. Ruff, M. Giza, K. Aliberti, and W. Lawler, “Anti-ship missile tracking with a chirped amplitude modulation ladar,” Proc. SPIE 5413, 113–123 (2004).
  3. B. Stann, B. C. Redman, W. Lawler, M. Giza, and J. Dammann, “Chirped amplitude modulation ladar for range and Doppler measurements and 3-D imaging,” Proc. SPIE 6550, 655005 (2007).
  4. S. Bellis, R. Wilcock, and C. Jackson, “Photon counting imaging: the digital APD,” Proc. SPIE 6068, 60680D(2006).
  5. P. Gatt, S. Johnson, and T. Nichols, “Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode ladar receiver performance characteristics and detection statistics,” Appl. Opt. 48, 3261–3275 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Wang, Y. Zhao, Y. Zhang, and X. Sun, “Range accuracy limitation of pulse ranging systems based on Geiger mode single-photon detectors,” Appl. Opt. 49, 5561–5566 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. I. Prochazka, K. Hamal, B. Greene, and H. Kunimori, “Large-aperture germanium detector package for picosecond photon counting in the 0.5–1.6 mm range,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1375–1377 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Akiba, K. Tsujino, and M. Sasaki, “Ultrahigh-sensitivity single-photon detection with linear-mode silicon avalanche photodiode,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2621–2623 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Guo, G. Huang, and R. Shu, “3D imaging laser radar using Geiger-mode APDs: analysis and experiments,” Proc. SPIE 7684, 768402 (2010).
  10. M. Henriksson, “Detection probabilities for photon-counting avalanche photodiodes applied to a laser radar system,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5140–5147 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Wu, Y. Zhao, L. Liu, Y. Zhang, and J. Wu, “Varied threshold with laser flight time in scannerless range-gated ladar,” Appl. Opt. 49, H20–H26 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Johnson, P. Gatt, and T. Nichols, “Analysis of Geiger-mode APD laser radars,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 359–368 (2003).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited