OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 2011
  • pp: 500–508

Fast numerical method for electromagnetic scattering from an object above a large-scale layered rough surface at large incident angle: vertical polarization

A.-Q. Wang, L.-X. Guo, and C. Chai  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 4, pp. 500-508 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (800 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A fast numerical method has been proposed in this paper for calculating the electromagnetic scattering from a perfectly electric conducting object above a two-layered dielectric rough surface. The focus in this study is large incidence. The parallel fast multipole method is combined with the method of moments for fast implementation of the scattering from this composite model. The biconjugate gradient method is adopted to solve the unsymmetrical matrix equation and parallelized. The simulating time and parallel speedup ratio with different processors are provided. Several numerical results are shown and analyzed to discuss the influences of the parameters of the rough surface, the object, and the intermediate medium on the bistatic scattering.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(290.5880) Scattering : Scattering, rough surfaces

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: November 10, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 13, 2010
Published: January 27, 2011

A.-Q. Wang, L.-X. Guo, and C. Chai, "Fast numerical method for electromagnetic scattering from an object above a large-scale layered rough surface at large incident angle: vertical polarization," Appl. Opt. 50, 500-508 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. I. Thorsos, “The validity of the Kirchhoff approximation for rough surface scattering using a Gaussian roughness spectrum,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 83, 78–92 (1988). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Zhang, Y. E. Yang, H. Braunisch, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interaction of conducting object with rough surface by hybrid SPM/MOM technique,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 22, 315–335 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. Z. X. Li, and Y. Q. Jin, “Bistatic scattering from a fractal dynamic rough sea surface with a ship presence at low grazing-angle incidence using the GFBM/SAA,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 31, 146–151 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Liu and Y. Q. Jin, “Numerical simulation of bistatic scattering from a target at low altitude above rough sea surface under an EM-wave incidence at low grazing angle by using the finite element method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 52, 1205–1210 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. L. X. Guo, A. Q. Wang, and J. Ma, “Study on EM scattering from 2-D target above 1-D large scale rough surface with low grazing incidence by parallel MOM based on PC clusters,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 149–166 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. X. Wang, Y. B. Gan, and L. W. Li, “Electromagnetic scattering by partially buried PEC cylinder at the dielectric rough surface interface: TM case,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett. 2, 319–323 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. X. Wang, C. F. Wang, Y. B. Gan, and L. W. Li, “Electromagnetic scattering from a circular target above or below rough surface,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 40, 207–227 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. X. Wang and L. W. Li, “Numerical characterization of bistatic scattering from PEC cylinder partially embedded in a dielectric rough surface interface: horizontal polarization,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 91, 35–51 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. N. T. Thành, H. Sahli, and D. N. Hào, “Finite-difference methods and validity of a thermal model for landmine detection with soil property estimation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 656–674 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. P. G. Rodríguez and A. D. Kim, “Light propagation in two-layer tissues with an irregular interface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 64–73 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Li, L. X. Guo, and H. Zeng, “FDTD investigation on bistatic scattering from a target above two-layered rough surfaces using UPML absorbing condition,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 88, 197–211 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. C. H. Kuo and M. Moghaddam, “Electromagnetic scattering from a buried cylinder in layered media with rough interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 54, 2392–2401(2006). [CrossRef]
  13. C. H. Kuo and M. Moghaddam, “A theoretical analysis of backscattering enhancement due to surface plasmons from multilayer structures with rough interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 56, 1133–1143 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. R. F. Harrington, Filed Computation by Moment Method (IEEE, 1993). [CrossRef]
  15. C. D. Moss, T. M. Grzegorczyk, H. C. Han, and J. A. Kong, “Forward-backward method with spectral acceleration for scattering from layered rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 54, 1006–1016 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. N. Déchamps, N. de Beaucoudrey, C. Bourlier, and S. Toutain, “Fast numerical method for electromagnetic scattering by rough layered interfaces: propagation-inside-layer expansion method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 359–369 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. M. E. Shenawee, “Polarimetric scattering from two-layered two-dimensional random rough surfaces with and without buried objects,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 67–76 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. L. Tsang, J. A. Kong, K. H. Ding, and C. O. Ao, Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves: Numerical Simulations (Wiley, 2001). [CrossRef]
  19. C. T. Kelley, Iterative Methods for Linear and Nonlinear Equations (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 1995). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Q. Wang, L. X. Guo, and C. Chai, “Numerical simulations of electromagnetic scattering from 2D rough surface: geometric modeling by NURBS surface,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1315–1328 (2010). [CrossRef]
  21. R. Wang and L. X. Guo, “Study on EM scattering from the time-varying lossy dielectric ocean and a moving conducting plate above it,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 517–529 (2009). [CrossRef]
  22. L. X. Guo, J. Li, and H. Zeng, “Bistatic scattering from a three-dimensional object above a two- dimensional randomly rough surface modeled with the parallel FDTD approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 2383–2392 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. J. Li, L. X. Guo, H. Zeng, and X. B. Han, “Message-passing-interface-based parallel FDTD investigation on the EM scattering from a 1-D rough sea surface using uniaxial perfectly matched layer absorbing boundary,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1494–1502 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. C. C. Lu and W. C. Chew, “Fast algorithm for solving hybrid integral equations,” IEE Proc. H, Microw. Antennas Propag. 140, 455–460 (1993). [CrossRef]
  25. W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin, E. Michielssen, and J. Song, Fast and Efficient Algorithms in Computational Electromagnetics(Artech House, 2001).
  26. J. Curtis, “Dielectric properties of soils: various sites in Bosnia,” Waterways Experiment, Station Data Rep. (U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited