Volume gratings fabricated by interferometric exposure using composite materials composed of nematic liquid crystals (LC) and LC diacrylate monomers are discussed in the effects of diffraction properties on different grating formations, such as varying LC content ratios, film thicknesses, and the surface conditions composed of alignment layers and rubbing directions. Diffraction properties are experimentally investigated in the viewpoints of anisotropic diffraction and LC orientation. The polarization-azimuth dependence of diffraction efficiencies as functions of the incident polarization states shows the controllability of anisotropic diffractions based on the effects of different surface conditions.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
Diffraction and Gratings
Original Manuscript: August 30, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 22, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 15, 2010
Published: January 31, 2011
Akifumi Ogiwara, "Effects of anisotropic diffractions on holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings," Appl. Opt. 50, 594-603 (2011)