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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 2011
  • pp: A90–A99

Real-time monitoring of benzene, toluene, and p-xylene in a photoreaction chamber with a tunable mid-infrared laser and ultraviolet differential optical absorption spectroscopy

Matthew T. Parsons, Ihor Sydoryk, Alan Lim, Thomas J. McIntyre, John Tulip, Wolfgang Jäger, and Karen McDonald  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 4, pp. A90-A99 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.000A90


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Abstract

We describe the implementation of a mid-infrared laser-based trace gas sensor with a photoreaction chamber, used for reproducing chemical transformations of benzene, toluene, and p-xylene (BTX) gases that may occur in the atmosphere. The system performance was assessed in the presence of photoreaction products including aerosol particles. A mid-infrared external cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL)—tunable from 9.41 9.88 μm ( 1012 1063 cm 1 )—was used to monitor gas phase concentrations of BTX simultaneously and in real time during chemical processing of these compounds with hydroxyl radicals in a photoreaction chamber. Results are compared to concurrent measurements using ultraviolet differential optical absorption spectroscopy (UV DOAS). The EC-QCL based system provides quantitation limits of approximately 200, 200, and 600 parts in 10 9 (ppb) for benzene, toluene, and p-xylene, respectively, which represents a significant improvement over our previous work with this laser system. Correspondingly, we observe the best agreement between the EC-QCL measurements and the UV DOAS measurements with benzene, followed by toluene, then p-xylene. Although BTX gas-detection limits are not as low for the EC-QCL system as for UV DOAS, an unidentified by-product of the photoreactions was observed with the EC-QCL, but not with the UV DOAS system.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1120) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Air pollution monitoring
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared
(300.6540) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, ultraviolet
(010.1030) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Absorption

ToC Category:
LASER APPLICATIONS TO CHEMICAL, SECURITY, AND ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS

History
Original Manuscript: June 28, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 9, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 10, 2010
Published: January 26, 2011

Citation
Matthew T. Parsons, Ihor Sydoryk, Alan Lim, Thomas J. McIntyre, John Tulip, Wolfgang Jäger, and Karen McDonald, "Real-time monitoring of benzene, toluene, and p-xylene in a photoreaction chamber with a tunable mid-infrared laser and ultraviolet differential optical absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 50, A90-A99 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-4-A90

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