OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2011
  • pp: 648–654

Approach to high-frequency, cavity-enhanced Faraday rotation in fluids

D. Pagliero, Y. Li, S. Fisher, and C. A. Meriles  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 5, pp. 648-654 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.000648


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (400 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Recent work demonstrating detection of nuclear spin magnetization via Faraday rotation in transparent fluids promises novel opportunities for magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. Unfortunately, low sensitivity is a serious concern. With this motivation in mind, we explore the use of an optical cavity to augment the Faraday rotation experienced by a linearly polarized beam traversing a sample fluid. Relying on a setup that affords reduced sample size and high-frequency modulation, we demonstrate amplification of regular (i.e., nonnuclear) Faraday rotation of order 20. Extensions of the present methodology that take into account the geometric constraints imposed by a high-field magnet may open the way to high-sensitivity, optically-detected magnetic resonance in the liquid state.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(230.2240) Optical devices : Faraday effect
(230.3810) Optical devices : Magneto-optic systems

ToC Category:
Detectors

History
Original Manuscript: November 17, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 16, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 17, 2010
Published: February 3, 2011

Citation
D. Pagliero, Y. Li, S. Fisher, and C. A. Meriles, "Approach to high-frequency, cavity-enhanced Faraday rotation in fluids," Appl. Opt. 50, 648-654 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-5-648


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. D. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 2004). [CrossRef]
  2. A. K. Zvezdin, V. A. Kotov, Modern Magnetooptics and Magnetooptical Materials (IOP Publishing, 1997). [CrossRef]
  3. I. M. Savukov, S. -K. Lee, and M. V. Romalis, “Optical detection of liquid-state NMR,” Nature 442, 1021–1024 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Pagliero, W. Dong, D. Sakellariou, and C. A. Meriles, “Time-resolved, optically-detected NMR of fluids at high magnetic fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 133, 154505 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Pagliero, Department of Physics, CUNY–City College of New York, 138th Street and Convent Avenue, New York, New York 10031, USA and C. A. Meriles are preparing a manuscript to be called “Light-induced spectral contrast in liquid-state, optically-detected NMR.”
  6. R. Rosenberg, C. B. Rubinstein, and D. R. Herriott, “Resonant optical Faraday rotator,” Appl. Opt. 3, 1079–1083 (1964). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Müller, K. B. Wiberg, P. H. Vaccaro, J. R. Cheeseman, and M. J. Frish, “Cavity ring-down polarimetry (CRDP): theoretical and experimental characterization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 125–141 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. B. A. Paldus and A. A. Kachanov, “A historical overview of cavity-enhanced methods,” Can. J. Phys. 83, 975–999 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. C. A. Meriles, “Optical detection of NMR in organic fluids,” Concepts Magn. Reson. 32A, 79–87 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Vaughan, The Fabry–Perot Interferometer: History, Theory, Practice and Applications, The Adam Hilger Series on Optics and Optoelectronics (Adam Hilger, 1989).
  11. S. A. Crooker, D. D. Awschalom, J. J. Baumberg, F. Flack, and N. Samarth, “Optical spin resonance and transverse spin relaxation in magnetic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 56, 7574–7588 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. A unique spectrometer clock serves as the basis to simultaneously set the timing of the pulse sequence and generate all rf signals. Thus the time delay between successive scans can be synchronized with the signal beating without accumulating errors, hence allowing for coherent averaging.
  13. Because of the stronger Verdet constants typical in glasses (of order ∼10−5 rad/gauss/cm) we found that approximately 2/3 of the observed signal was due to glass (each wall was ∼0.3 mm thick). This contribution can be eliminated with the use of a cylindrical geometry in which the walls of the container are far removed from the ends of the rf solenoid. Unfortunately, this procedure proved inadequate for cavity measurements due to increased scattering in the fluid and lack of parallelism between the windows.
  14. R. Engeln, G. Berden, E. van den Berg, and G. Meijer, “Polarization dependent cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4458–4467 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. R. M. Pope and E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380–700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8710–8723 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Xu, G. Sha, and J. Xie, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy in the liquid phase,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 255–258 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. S. E. Fiedler, A. Hese, and A. A. Ruth, “Incoherent broad-band cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy of liquids,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 023107 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. L. van der Sneppen, F. Ariese, C. Gooijer, and W. Ubachs, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy for detection of liquid chromatography at UV wavelengths using standard cuvettes in normal incidence geometry,” J. Chromatogr. A 1148, 184–188 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. Bahnev, L. van der Sneppen, A. E. Wiskerke, F. Ariese, C. Goojier, and W. Ubachs, “Miniaturized cavity ring-down detection in a liquid flow cell,” Anal. Chem. 77, 1188–1191 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. For gas-filled cavities, amplification of the Faraday rotation of order 104 have been reached. See, for example, D. Jacob, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and R. Le Naour, “Small Faraday rotation measurement with a Fabry–Perot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3546–3548 (1995). [CrossRef]
  21. K. L. Snyder and R. N. Zare, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy as detector for liquid chromatography,” Anal. Chem. 75, 3086–3091 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Z. Y. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic dye lasers,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145–158 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. D. Z. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “A low-threshold, high-efficiency microfluidic waveguide laser,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952–8953 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Z. Li, Z. Zhang, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, “Mechanically tunable optofluidic distributed feedback dye laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10494–10499 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited