OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 50, Iss. 6 — Feb. 20, 2011
  • pp: 835–841

Optical evaluation on Nd 3 + -doped phosphate glasses for O-band amplification

Weihong Lei, Baojie Chen, Xiangling Zhang, Edwin Yun Bun Pun, and Hai Lin  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 6, pp. 835-841 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.000835


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (644 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have fabricated and characterized optically Nd 3 + -doped phosphate [ Li 2 O - CaO - BaO - Al 2 O 3 - La 2 O 3 - P 2 O 5 (LCBALP)] glasses for drawing single-mode glass fiber. The F 3 / 2 4 I 13 / 2 4 transition emission from the Nd 3 + is at the 1.327 μm wavelength with a full width at half-maximum of 43 nm , and the spontaneous transition probability and quantum efficiency are calculated to be 1836 s 1 and 52%, respectively. The maximum stimulated emission cross sections for F 3 / 2 4 I 11 / 2 4 and F 3 / 2 4 I 13 / 2 4 transitions are derived to be 1.82 × 10 20 cm 2 and 6.97 × 10 21 cm 2 , respectively, and the theoretical gain coefficient at the 1.327 μm wavelength is evaluated to be 0.182 dB / cm when the fractional factor of the excited neodymium ions equals 0.6, which indicates that Nd 3 + -doped LCBALP phosphate glasses are potential candidates in developing O-band optical fiber amplifiers.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(250.4480) Optoelectronics : Optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: October 22, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 3, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 7, 2011
Published: February 15, 2011

Citation
Weihong Lei, Baojie Chen, Xiangling Zhang, Edwin Yun Bun Pun, and Hai Lin, "Optical evaluation on Nd3+-doped phosphate glasses for O-band amplification," Appl. Opt. 50, 835-841 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-6-835


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1407–1413 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Pradeesh, C. J. Oton, V. K. Agotiya, M. Raghavendra, and G. V. Prakash, “Optical properties of Er3+ doped alkali chlorphosphate glasses for optical amplifiers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 155–160 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Y. Chen, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, K. Annapurna, and R. Sen, “Characteristics of Er and Er-Yb-Cr doped phosphate microsphere fibre lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3765–3769 (2009). [CrossRef]
  4. Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, and S. Sinha, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 93–102 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. A. A. A. Bakar, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. A. Mansoori, S. Shaari, and A. K. Zamzuri, “Opto-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with C-band control signal,” Appl. Opt. 48, 2340–2343 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87, 670–672 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Wang, L. Reekie, W. S. Brocklesby, Y. T. Chow, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication, spectroscopy and laser performance of Nd3+-doped lead-silicate glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 180, 207–216 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 18675–18683 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. S. S. Babu, R. Rajeswari, K. Jang, C. E. Jin, K. H. Jang, H. J. Seo, and C. K. Jayasankar, “Spectroscopic investigations of 1.06 μm emission in Nd3+-doped alkali niobium zinc tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1021–1025 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. R. T. Chen, M. Lee, S. Natarajan, C. Lin, Z. Z. Ho, and D. Robinson, “Single-mode Nd3+-doped graded-index polymer waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1328–1331 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Naftaly, A. Jha, and E. R. Taylor, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ in fluoroaluminate glasses for an efficient 1.3 μm optical amplifier,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256, 248–252 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Pisarska, W. A. Pisarski, and W. R. Romanowski, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Dy3+ ions in lead borate glasses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 805–809 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. P. H. Gonzalez, I. R. Martin, E. A. Jorge, S. G. Perez, J. M. Caceres, and P. Nunez, “Laser irradiation in Nd3+ doped strontium barium niobate glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013112(2008). [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Ramos, M. Abril, I. R. Martin, U. R. R. Mendoza, V. Lavin, and V. D. Rodriguez, “Ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence in Nd3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics obtained by different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113510 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, and J. Fernandez, “On the origin of bichromatic laser emission in Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Express 16, 11894–11906 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325–3326(2003). [CrossRef]
  17. B. Klimesz, G. Dzik, P. Solarz, M. Zelechower, and W. Romanowski, “Optical study of GeO2-PbO-PbF2 oxyfluoride glass singly doped with Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+ and Eu3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 76–85 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. S. B. Rai, A. K. Singh, and S. K. Singh, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+ ions doped in tellurite glass,” Spectrochim. Acta A 59, 3221–3226 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Pisarska, “Luminescence behavior of Dy3+ ions in lead borate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1784–1786 (2009). [CrossRef]
  20. T. T. Basiev, A. Y. Dergachev, Y. V. Orlovskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Multiphonon nonradiative relaxation form high-lying levels of Nd3+ ions in fluoride and oxide laser materials,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, G.Dube and L.Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 1991), paper MT4.
  21. T. Ohtsuki, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, M. Takahashi, Y. Kawamoto, J. Ingenhoff, A. Tervonen, and K. Kadono, “Evanescent field amplification in Nd3+-doped fluoride planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2012–2014 (1996). [CrossRef]
  22. V. Seznec, H. Ma, X. Zhang, V. Nazabal, J. Adam, X. Qiao, and X. Fan, “Preparation and luminescence of new Nd3+ doped chloro-sulphide glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 29, 371–376 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens measurements of fluorescence quantum efficiency in Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” J. Lumin. 284, 255–260 (2001). [CrossRef]
  24. B. Karthikeyan, R. Philip, and S. Mohan, “Optical and non-linear optical properties of Nd3+-doped heavy borate glasses,” Opt. Commun. 246, 153–162 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. V. Mehta, G. Aka, A. L. Dawar, and A. Mansingh, “Optical properties and spectroscopic parameters of Nd3+-doped phosphate and borate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 12, 53–63 (1999). [CrossRef]
  26. Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. V. Srihari, A. V. Kumar, D. T. Naidu, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of Nd3+ doped mixed alkali phosphate glasses-spectroscopic investigations,” Spectrochim. Acta A 72, 171–177 (2009). [CrossRef]
  27. S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2000), Vol.  4, pp. 181–183.
  28. A. S. Rao, B. R. V. Rao, M. V. V. K. S. Prasad, J. V. S. Kumar, M. Jayasimhadri, J. L. Rao, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Spectroscopic and optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorine containing alkali and alkaline earth zinc-aluminophosphate optical glasses,” J. Phys. B 404, 3717–3721 (2009). [CrossRef]
  29. P. A. Bingham, R. J. Hand, O. M. Hannant, S. D. Forder, and S. H. Kilcoyne, “Effects of modifier additions on the thermal properties, chemical durability, oxidation state and structure of iron phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 1526–1538 (2009). [CrossRef]
  30. S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chimie 5, 921–938 (2002). [CrossRef]
  31. G. A. Kumar, E. D. L. Cruz, K. Ueda, A. Martinez, and O. B. Garcia, “Enhancement of optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorophosphates glasses by alkali and alkaline earth metal co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 22, 201–213 (2003). [CrossRef]
  32. R. A. Martin and J. C. Knight, “Silica-clad neodymium-doped lanthanum phosphate fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 574–576 (2006). [CrossRef]
  33. Z. Jiang, J. Yang, and S. Dai, “Optical spectroscopy and gain properties of Nd3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 739–743 (2004). [CrossRef]
  34. H. J. R. Dutton, Understanding Optical Communications(Prentice Hall, 1998).
  35. M. J. Weber, J. D. Myers, and D. H. Blackburn, “Optical properties of Nd3+ in tellurite and phosphotellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 2944–2949 (1981). [CrossRef]
  36. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962). [CrossRef]
  37. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962). [CrossRef]
  38. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak. “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968). [CrossRef]
  39. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. II. Pm3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Gd3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, and Ho3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4412–4423 (1968). [CrossRef]
  40. C. K. Jorgensen and F. Reisfeld, “Judd–Ofelt parameters and chemical bonding,” J. Less-Common Met. 93, 107–112(1983). [CrossRef]
  41. M. Naftaly and A. Jha, “Nd3+-doped fluoroaluminate glasses for a 1.3 μm amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2098–2104 (2000). [CrossRef]
  42. J. H. Choi, A. Margaryan, A. Margaryan, and F. G. Shi, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of spectroscopic properties of Nd3+-doped novel fluorophosphate glass,” J. Lumin. 114, 167–177 (2005). [CrossRef]
  43. H. Takebe, K. Yoshino, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, J. Hector, W. S. Brocklesby, D. W. Hewak, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ and Pr3+ in gallate glasses with low phonon energies,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5839–5843 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. K. U. Kumar, V. A. Prathyusha, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Fluorescence properties of Nd3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A 67, 702–708 (2007). [CrossRef]
  45. A. Renuka and C. K. Jayasankar, “Optical properties of Nd3+ ions in lithium borate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 106–119 (1995). [CrossRef]
  46. A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer, 1981).
  47. B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. B. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344–5352 (2006). [CrossRef]
  48. C. K. Jayasankar and V. V. R. K. Kumar, “Optical properties of Nd3+ ions in cadmium borosulphate glasses and comparative energy level analyses of Nd3+ ions in various glasses,” Phys. B 226, 313–330 (1996). [CrossRef]
  49. J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, H. Haquin, J. L. Adam, and J. Montagne, “Spectroscopic properties and laser emission of Tm doped ZBLAN glass at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Mater. 24, 563–574 (2003). [CrossRef]
  50. J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, “1.48 μm emission properties and energy transfer between Tm3+ and Ho3+/Tb3+ in Ge-As-Cs-Br glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083542 (2005). [CrossRef]
  51. H. Dai, O. M. Stafsudd, and B. Dunn, “Measurement of stimulated emission cross section and fluorescence branching ratios for Nd3+ in sodium alumina,” Appl. Opt. 30, 4330–4336 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  52. J. L. Adam, J. L. Doualan, L. Griscom, S. Girard, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption at 1.3 μm in Nd3+-doped fluoride and sulfide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256, 276–281 (1999). [CrossRef]
  53. G. A. Kumar, E. Rosa-Cruz, A. Martinez, N. Unnikrishnan, and K. Ueda, “Influence of borate content on the radiative properties of Nd3+ ions in fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 69–76 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited