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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 51, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2012
  • pp: 1872–1878

Tailored complex 3D vortex lattice structures by perturbed multiples of three-plane waves

Jolly Xavier, Sunil Vyas, Paramasivam Senthilkumaran, and Joby Joseph  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 12, pp. 1872-1878 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.001872


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Abstract

As three-plane waves are the minimum number required for the formation of vortex-embedded lattice structures by plane wave interference, we present our experimental investigation on the formation of complex 3D photonic vortex lattice structures by a designed superposition of multiples of phase-engineered three-plane waves. The unfolding of the generated complex photonic lattice structures with higher order helical phase is realized by perturbing the superposition of a relatively phase-encoded, axially equidistant multiple of three noncoplanar plane waves. Through a programmable spatial light modulator assisted single step fabrication approach, the unfolded 3D vortex lattice structures are experimentally realized, well matched to our computer simulations. The formation of higher order intertwined helices embedded in these 3D spiraling vortex lattice structures by the superposition of the multiples of phase-engineered three-plane waves interference is also studied.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(050.4865) Diffraction and gratings : Optical vortices
(050.6875) Diffraction and gratings : Three-dimensional fabrication

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 5, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 14, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 16, 2011
Published: April 11, 2012

Citation
Jolly Xavier, Sunil Vyas, Paramasivam Senthilkumaran, and Joby Joseph, "Tailored complex 3D vortex lattice structures by perturbed multiples of three-plane waves," Appl. Opt. 51, 1872-1878 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-12-1872

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