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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 51, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2012
  • pp: 1968–1975

Partially light-controlled imager based on liquid crystal plate and image intensifier for aurora and airglow measurement

Yuanhe Tang, Xiangang Cao, Hanchen Liu, G. G. Shepherd, Shulin Liu, Haiyang Gao, Xusan Yang, Yong Wu, and Shuiwei Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 12, pp. 1968-1975 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.001968


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Abstract

In order to obtain information both of aurora and airglow in one image by the same detector, a PLCI based on liquid crystal plate LCP and super second-generation image intensifier SSGII is proposed in this research. The detection thresholds of the CCD for aurora and airglow are calculated. For the detectable illumination range of 10 4 10 2 lx , the corresponding electron count is 1.57 × 10 5 0.2 for every pixel of CCD. The structure and work principle of the PLCI are described. An LC is introduced in the front of CCD to decrease the intensities of aurora in overexposure areas by means of controlling transmittances pixel by pixel, while an image intensifier is set between the LC and CCD to increase the intensity of the weak airglow. The modulation transfer function MTF of this system is calculated as 0.391 at a Nyquist frequency of 15 lp / mm . The curve of transmittance with regard to gray level for the LC is obtained by calibration experiment. Based on the design principle, the prototype is made and used to take photos of objects under strong light greater than 2 × 10 5 lx . The clear details of “西安理工大学XauT” presented in the image indicate that the PLCI can greatly improve the imaging quality. The theoretical calculations and experiment results prove that this device can extend the dynamic range and it provides a more effective method for upper atmospheric wind measurement.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2970) Imaging systems : Image detection systems
(120.4570) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical design of instruments
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 11, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 9, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 13, 2011
Published: April 20, 2012

Citation
Yuanhe Tang, Xiangang Cao, Hanchen Liu, G. G. Shepherd, Shulin Liu, Haiyang Gao, Xusan Yang, Yong Wu, and Shuiwei Wang, "Partially light-controlled imager based on liquid crystal plate and image intensifier for aurora and airglow measurement," Appl. Opt. 51, 1968-1975 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-12-1968


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