OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2373–2378

Resonance asymmetry induced bias errors in waveguide type optical passive resonator gyro

Yan Chen, Huilian Ma, and Zhonghe Jin  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 13, pp. 2373-2378 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (373 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present an in-depth analysis of the resonance asymmetry in a silica waveguide ring resonator (WRR) and its influence on the waveguide-type optical passive resonator gyro (OPRG). A big bias error appears at the output of the OPRG. This big error is caused not only by the resonance asymmetry in the WRR, but also by the modulation parameters in the phase modulation spectroscopy technique (PMST). It has been proved that the bias error is proportional to the modulation frequency difference between the clockwise (CW) and counterclockwise (CCW) lightwaves. Three types of resonance asymmetries are thoroughly introduced and discussed. Methods to overcome the big bias error are demonstrated. A high reciprocal resonator is crucial to reduce the bias error. For a certain resonator, a proper temperature needs to be set to minimize the resonance asymmetry. A proper modulation frequency difference between the CW and CCW lightwaves is also helpful to reduce the bias error.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2800) Fiber optics and optical communications : Gyroscopes

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: December 21, 2011
Revised Manuscript: February 13, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 16, 2012
Published: April 26, 2012

Yan Chen, Huilian Ma, and Zhonghe Jin, "Resonance asymmetry induced bias errors in waveguide type optical passive resonator gyro," Appl. Opt. 51, 2373-2378 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Ezekiel and S. R. Balsmo, “Passive ring resonator laser gyroscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 478–480 (1977). [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Pavlath, “Fiber optic gyros: the vision realized,” in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA3.
  3. A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, and K. Hotate, “Applications and technical progress of fiber optic gyros in Japan,” in 18th International Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper MA4.
  4. A. W. Lawrence and W. Mass, “Thin film laser gyro,” U.S. Patent 4,326,803 (27April1982).
  5. H. Ma, X. Zhang, Z. Jin, and C. Ding, “Waveguide-type optical passive ring resonator gyro using phase modulation spectroscopy technique,” Opt. Eng. 45, 080506 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Ma, Z. He, and K. Hotate. “Reduction of backscattering induced noise by carrier suppression in waveguide-type optical ring resonator gyro,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 85–90 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Mao, H. Ma, and Z. Jin, “Polarization maintaining silica waveguide resonator optic gyro using double phase modulation technique,” Opt. Express 19, 4632–4643 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Jin, G. Zhang, H. Mao, and H. Ma, “Resonator micro optic gyro with double phase modulation technique using an FPGA-based digital processor,” Opt. Commun.285, 645–649 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. R. C. Youngquist, L. F. Stokes, and H. J. Shaw, “Effects of normal mode loss in dielectric waveguide directional couplers and interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1888–1896 (1983). [CrossRef]
  10. L. F. Stokes, “Single-mode optical fiber resonator and applications to sensing (fiber sensor, fiber laser, fiber gyroscope),” Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, 1984).
  11. F. Zhang and J. W. Y. Lit, “Direct-coupling single-mode fiber ring resonator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1347–1355 (1988). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Carroll and R. Dahlgren, “Theoretical comparison of low and high splitting ratio resonators,” Proc. SPIE 2070, 293–292 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. K. Kalli and D. A. Jackson, “Analysis of the dynamic response of a ring resonator to a time-varying input signal,” Opt. Lett. 18, 465–467 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Takahashi, S. Tai, and K. Kyuma, “Nondestructive measuring technique for misaligned angle in polarisation-maintaining fibre coupler,” Electron. Lett. 25, 600–602 (1989). [CrossRef]
  15. B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and J. Y. Vinet, “Kerr effect in all-fiber cavities of optical gyros,” Appl. Opt. 29, 750–753 (1990). [CrossRef]
  16. X. Chang, H. Ma, and Z. Jin, “Resonance asymmetry phenomenon in waveguide-type optical ring resonator gyro,” Opt. Commun.286, 1134–1139 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. H. Ma, H. Bao, S. Wang, and Z. Jin, “Temperature characteristic of ring resonator in polarization maintaining silica optical waveguide,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 20, 1029–1032 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. G. A. Sanders, “Critical review of resonator fiber optic gyroscope technology,” Proc. SPIE CR44, 133–159 (1993). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Wang, Y. Cui, and T. Zhang, “Investigation on the determination of the optimized modulating frequency for the R-IOG,” Chinese J. Electron. Devices 30, 2291–2293 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited