Using analytical modeling and detailed numerical simulations, we investigate the input-output transmission regimes in one-dimensional (1D) nonlinear photonic crystal including array defect layers. A coupled-mode system is derived from the Maxwell equations and analyzed for the stationary-transmission regime in the new proposed structure. Using the idea about introducing defect layers into 1D nonlinear photonic crystals, a new method for creating and controlling optical bistability is proposed. The periodic optical structures with array defect layers can be used as all optical switches between lower- and higher-transmissive states, whereas it possesses one jumping from a low-transmissive state to a transparent state.
© 2012 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: December 13, 2011
Revised Manuscript: February 16, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 17, 2012
Published: May 1, 2012
Mohammad Aghaie, Davud Hebri, Amir Ghaedzadeh, and Hossein Bazyar, "Controlled bistability by using array defect layers in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals," Appl. Opt. 51, 2477-2484 (2012)