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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2012
  • pp: 3305–3312

Wide-field, surface-sensitive four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures

Yong Wang, Xuejun Liu, Aaron R. Halpern, Kyunghee Cho, Robert M. Corn, and Eric O. Potma  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 16, pp. 3305-3312 (2012)

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We describe a wide-field four-wave mixing (FWM) microscope with imaging characteristics optimized for examining nanostructures. The microscope employs surface-plasmon polariton (SPP) excitation in a gold film to achieve surface-sensitive imaging conditions. The SPP surface fields boost the FWM efficiency by 2 orders of magnitude relative to the excitation efficiency of the evanescent fields at a bare glass surface. We demonstrate two excitation geometries that completely suppress the electronic FWM response of the metal film while allowing the far-field detection of FWM radiation from nanostructures at the interface. We obtained wide-field FWM images from individual carbon nanotubes and nanoclusters of neocyanine molecules at image acquisition times of 1 s, demonstrating the potential for background free, surface-enhanced FWM imaging of nanomaterials.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(190.4223) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear wave mixing

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: February 13, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: March 14, 2012
Published: May 24, 2012

Yong Wang, Xuejun Liu, Aaron R. Halpern, Kyunghee Cho, Robert M. Corn, and Eric O. Potma, "Wide-field, surface-sensitive four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures," Appl. Opt. 51, 3305-3312 (2012)

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