OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 18 — Jun. 20, 2012
  • pp: 4201–4209

Integral floating display systems for augmented reality

Jisoo Hong, Sung-Wook Min, and Byoungho Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 18, pp. 4201-4209 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (998 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Novel integral floating three-dimensional (3D) display methods are proposed for implementing an augmented reality (AR) system. The 3D display for AR requires a long-range focus depth and a see-though property. A system that adopts a concave lens instead of a convex lens is proposed for realizing the integral floating system with a long working distance using a reduced pixel pitch of the elemental image. An investigation that reveals that the location of the central depth plane is restricted by the pixel pitch of the display device is presented. An optical see-through system using a convex half mirror is also proposed for providing 3D images with a proper accommodation response. The concepts of the proposed methods are explained and the validity of system is proved by the experimental results.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: February 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 12, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 1, 2012
Published: June 18, 2012

Jisoo Hong, Sung-Wook Min, and Byoungho Lee, "Integral floating display systems for augmented reality," Appl. Opt. 51, 4201-4209 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. Zhou, H. B.-L. Duh, and M. Billinghurst, “Trends in augmented reality tracking, interaction and display: a review of ten years of ISMAR,” in Proceedings of 7th IEEE/ACM International Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 193–202.
  2. O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2, 199–216 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Liu, H. Hua, and D. Cheng, “A novel prototype for an optical see-through head-mounted display with addressable focus cues,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 16, 381–393 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Takaki, Y. Urano, S. Kashiwada, H. Ando, and K. Nakamura, “Super multi-view windshield display for long-distance image information presentation,” Opt. Express 19, 704–716 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Takaki and N. Nago, “Multi-projection of lenticular displays to construct a 256-view super multi-view display,” Opt. Express 18, 8824–8835 (2010). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Hong, Y. Kim, H.-J. Choi, J. Hahn, J.-H. Park, H. Kim, S.-W. Min, N. Chen, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: principles, status, and issues,” Appl. Opt. 50, H87–H115 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012). [CrossRef]
  8. F. Jin, J. Jang, and B. Javidi, “Effects of device resolution on three-dimensional integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1345–1347 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5217–5232 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71–L74 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48, H77–H94 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Park, J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, Y. Kim, Y.-H. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Multi-viewer tracking integral imaging system and its viewing zone analysis,” Opt. Express 17, 17895–17908 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. F. W. Campbell, and D. G. Green, “Optical and retinal factors affecting visual resolution,” J. Physiol. 181, 576–593 (1965).
  14. K. Hong, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Rectification of elemental image set and extraction of lens lattice by projective image transformation in integral imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 12002–12016 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. T. Nagoya, T. Kozakai, T. Suzuki, M. Furuya, and K. Iwase, “The D-ILA device for the world’s highest definition (8K4K) projection systems,” in Proceedings of International Display Workshop (Society for Information Display, 2008), pp. 203–206.
  16. J. Kim, S.-W. Min, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Analysis on viewing characteristics of integral floating system,” Appl. Opt. 47, D80–D86 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Viewing region maximization of an integral floating display through location adjustment of viewing window,” Opt. Express 15, 13023–13034 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Hong, Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, J.-H. Hong, S.-W. Min, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “3D/2D convertible projection-type integral imaging using concave half mirror array,” Opt. Express 18, 20628–20637 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Hong, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Two-dimensional/three-dimensional convertible integral imaging using dual depth configuration,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012501 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Jung, J. Hong, B. Lee, and S.-W. Min, “Augmented reality system based on integral floating method,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper DTuC22.
  21. Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging system using a dual-mode technique,” Appl. Opt. 48, H71–H76 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited