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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 18 — Jun. 20, 2012
  • pp: 4232–4239

Feasibility of retroreflective transdermal optical wireless communication

Yotam Gil, Nadav Rotter, and Shlomi Arnon  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 18, pp. 4232-4239 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.004232


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Abstract

There is an increasing demand for transdermal high-data-rate communication for use with in-body devices, such as pacemakers, smart prostheses, neural signals processors at the brain interface, and cameras acting as artificial eyes as well as for collecting signals generated within the human body. Prominent requirements of these communication systems include (1) wireless modality, (2) noise immunity and (3) ultra-low-power consumption for the in-body device. Today, the common wireless methods for transdermal communication are based on communication at radio frequencies, electrical induction, or acoustic waves. In this paper, we will explore another alternative to these methods—optical wireless communication (OWC)—for which modulated light carries the information. The main advantages of OWC in transdermal communication, by comparison to the other methods, are the high data rates and immunity to external interference availed, which combine to make it a promising technology for next-generation systems. In this paper, we present a mathematical model and experimental results of measurements from direct link and retroreflection link configurations with Gallus gallus domesticus derma as the transdermal channel. The main conclusion from this work is that an OWC link is an attractive communication solution in medical applications. For a modulating retroreflective link to become a competitive solution in comparison with a direct link, low-energy-consumption modulating retroreflectors should be developed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(170.3890) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics instrumentation
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: March 26, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 3, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 4, 2012
Published: June 20, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Yotam Gil, Nadav Rotter, and Shlomi Arnon, "Feasibility of retroreflective transdermal optical wireless communication," Appl. Opt. 51, 4232-4239 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-18-4232

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