OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2012
  • pp: 4803–4809

Designing a laser scanning picoprojector. Part 1: characteristics of the optical displaying system and color-management-related issues

Ian Wallhead, Roberto Ocaña, and Paula Quinzá  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 20, pp. 4803-4809 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.004803


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1096 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

When designing a laser scanning picoprojector, one has to deal with important aspects that do not strictly involve design of hardware and software. We have identified two issues that play a decisive role in the final specifications of a laser scanning picoprojector: the characteristics of the optical displaying system and color management. Regarding the optical system, we have studied the diameter requirements of the laser beam emitted from a picoprojector from the point of view of image quality. Resolution is assessed by calculating the image modulation produced by a projected laser spot over a range of projection distances and image sizes. We also show that a suitable election of the RGB wavelengths increases the lumens-per-watt ratio and thereby improves efficiency of a laser-based picoprojector.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.4100) Imaging systems : Modulation transfer function
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(120.5800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scanners
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 15, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 7, 2012
Published: July 9, 2012

Citation
Ian Wallhead, Roberto Ocaña, and Paula Quinzá, "Designing a laser scanning picoprojector. Part 1: characteristics of the optical displaying system and color-management-related issues," Appl. Opt. 51, 4803-4809 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-20-4803


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. Dickson, “Pico projectors: one reason bigger isn’t better,” IN1004722WH (In-Stat, 2010).
  2. M. Freeman, M. Champion, and S. Madhavan, “Scanned laser picoprojectors: seeing the big picture (with a small device),” Opt. Photon. News 20, 28–34 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. K. M. Guttag, S. Hurley, and B. Mei, “Distinguished paper: laser+LCOS technology revolution,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42, 536–539 (2011). [CrossRef]
  4. K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and H. Urey, “Laser-based displays: a review,” Appl. Opt. 49, F79–F98 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. F. A. Fernández, S. E. Day, H. De Smet, A. Manabe, and M. Robinson, “Guest editorial special issue on LCoS technology,” J. Disp. Technol. 7, 109–111 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. L. J. Hornbeck, “Digital light processing for high-brightness, high-resolution applications,” Proc. SPIE 3013, 27–40 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. Microvision, picoprojector Microvision Show WX user guide, http://www.microvision.com/showwx/pdfs/showwx_userguide.pdf .
  8. N. Abelé, “Laser micro-projector based on MEMS mirror, for high brightness environment,” presented at the CTI Micro and Nano Technologies Event, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 11November2009.
  9. J. Grahmann, M. Wildenhain, T. Grasshoff, C. Gerwig, H. G. Dallmann, A. Wolter, and H. Shenk, “Laser projector solution based on two 1D resonant micro scanning mirrors assembled in a low vertical distortion scan head,” Proc. SPIE 8252, 825205 (2012).
  10. C. Winter, L. Fabre, F. Lo Conte, L. Kilcher, F. Kechana, N. Abelé, and M. Kayal, “Micro-beamer based on MEMS micro-mirrors and laser light source,” Procedia Chem. 1, 1311–1314 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  12. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986), p. 1283.
  13. H. Kogelnik and T. Li, “Laser beams and resonators,” Appl. Opt. 5, 1550–1567 (1966). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Urey, N. Nestorovic, B. Ng, and A. Gross, “Optics designs and system MTF for laser scanning displays,” Proc. SPIE 3689, 238–248 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. Y.-C. Ko, J.-W. Cho, Y.-K. Mun, H.-G. Jeong, W. K. Choi, J.-W. Kim, Y.-H. Park, J.-B. Yoo, and J.-H. Lee, “Eye-type scanning mirror with dual vertical combs for laser display,” Sens. Actuators A 126, 218–226 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. J.-P. Meyn, “Colour mixing based on daylight,” Eur. J. Phys. 29, 1017–1031 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. A. D. Broadbent, “A critical review of the development of the CIE1931 RGB color-matching functions,” Color Res. Appl. 29, 267–272 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. E. Buckley, “Laser wavelength choices for pico-projector applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 7, 402–406 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Buckley, “Eye-safety analysis of current laser-based scanned-beam projection systems,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18, 944–951 (2010). [CrossRef]
  20. C. H. Brown Elliott, T. L. Credelle, and M. F. Higgins, “Adding a white subpixel,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21, 26–31 (2005).
  21. J. L. Harris, A. C. Bryce, O. Kowalski, J. Marsh, T. Jouhti, M. Pessa, and M. Hopkinson, “Selective quantum well intermixing of 1.22 and 1.55 μm GaInNAs laser material,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuJ7.
  22. S. Calvez, S. Giet, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, J. Konttinen, and M. Pessa, “Tunable red laser emission by intra-cavity frequency-doubling of a GaInNAs VECSEL,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CMFF2.
  23. Epycristals, http://epicrystals.com/ .
  24. E. F. Schubert, Light Emitting Diodes (Cambridge University, 2003).
  25. Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, “Derivation of basic television color equations,” Recommended Practices (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers), pp. 177–1993.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited