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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 2012
  • pp: 5735–5742

Wideband and low dispersion slow-light waveguide based on a photonic crystal with crescent-shaped air holes

Bo Meng, Ling-ling Wang, Wei-qing Huang, Xiao-fei Li, Xiang Zhai, and Hong Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 23, pp. 5735-5742 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.005735


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Abstract

We present a procedure to generate slow light with a large group index, wideband, and low dispersion in our suggested photonic crystal waveguide. By modulation of the declinations in the first two rows of air holes, the group index, the bandwidth, and the dispersion can be tuned effectively. Utilizing the two-dimensional plane wave expansion method (PWE) and the finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD), we demonstrate slow light with the group indices of 23, 35, and 45, respectively, while restricting the group-index variation within a 10% range. We accordingly attain an available bandwidth of 40.7, 23.7, and 5.1 nm, respectively. Meanwhile, the normalized delay–bandwidth product stays around 0.45, with minimal dispersion less than 0.2(ps2/m) for all the cases.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar
(260.2030) Physical optics : Dispersion
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: May 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 17, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 21, 2012
Published: August 9, 2012

Citation
Bo Meng, Ling-ling Wang, Wei-qing Huang, Xiao-fei Li, Xiang Zhai, and Hong Zhang, "Wideband and low dispersion slow-light waveguide based on a photonic crystal with crescent-shaped air holes," Appl. Opt. 51, 5735-5742 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-23-5735

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