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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 26 — Sep. 10, 2012
  • pp: 6290–6294

Theoretical considerations for anticipating of function analysis on a gradient index-lens fabrication through double ion-exchange process

Banafsheh Zakeri and Arash Sabatyan  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 26, pp. 6290-6294 (2012)

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Based on precise and detailed theoretical examination of diffusion equation analysis, two-step Ag+Na+ and Na+Ag+ ion-exchange parameters were optimized in order to fabricate a gradient index (GRIN) lens in the BK7 glass rod. Using the diffusion equation, the impact of the concentration ratio of the exchanged ion during the first and second steps was examined in detail. Then, based on the calculated effective parameters such as concentration ratio and immersion time, a fabrication process was proposed. We managed to get the optimum parameters (the bath stop time, temperature, and length) to make a quarter pitch lens. As a result, some samples of the GRIN lens were fabricated and tested successfully. Theoretical considerations and experimental results are presented.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.3630) Optical design and fabrication : Lenses
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: June 11, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 8, 2012
Published: September 5, 2012

Banafsheh Zakeri and Arash Sabatyan, "Theoretical considerations for anticipating of function analysis on a gradient index-lens fabrication through double ion-exchange process," Appl. Opt. 51, 6290-6294 (2012)

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