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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2012
  • pp: 6561–6570

Wave-atoms-based multipurpose scheme via perceptual image hashing and watermarking

Fang Liu, Qi-Kai Fu, and Lee-Ming Cheng  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 27, pp. 6561-6570 (2012)

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This paper presents a novel multipurpose scheme for content-based image authentication and copyright protection using a perceptual image hashing and watermarking strategy based on a wave atom transform. The wave atom transform is expected to outperform other transforms because it gains sparser expansion and better representation for texture than other traditional transforms, such as wavelet and curvelet transforms. Images are decomposed into multiscale bands with a number of tilings using the wave atom transform. Perceptual hashes are then extracted from the features of tiling in the third scale band for the purpose of content-based authentication; simultaneously, part of the selected hashes are designed as watermarks, which are embedded into the original images for the purpose of copyright protection. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed scheme shows great performance in content-based authentication by distinguishing the maliciously attacked images from the nonmaliciously attacked images. Moreover, watermarks extracted from the proposed scheme also achieve high robustness against common malicious and nonmalicious image-processing attacks, which provides excellent copyright protection for images.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.2960) Image processing : Image analysis
(110.6980) Imaging systems : Transforms
(100.3008) Image processing : Image recognition, algorithms and filters
(100.4994) Image processing : Pattern recognition, image transforms
(110.7410) Imaging systems : Wavelets

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: May 17, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 30, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 16, 2012
Published: September 14, 2012

Fang Liu, Qi-Kai Fu, and Lee-Ming Cheng, "Wave-atoms-based multipurpose scheme via perceptual image hashing and watermarking," Appl. Opt. 51, 6561-6570 (2012)

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