OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2012
  • pp: 6691–6699

Fiber-coupled ultraviolet planar laser-induced fluorescence for combustion diagnostics

Frank Loccisano, Sachin Joshi, Isaiah S. Franka, Zhiyao Yin, Walter R. Lempert, and Azer P. Yalin  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 27, pp. 6691-6699 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.006691


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (850 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Multimode silica step-index optical fibers are examined for use in planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) for combustion diagnostics using ultraviolet (UV) laser sources. The multimode step-index fibers are characterized at UV wavelengths by examining their energy damage thresholds and solarization performance. The beam quality achievable with large clad step-index multimode fibers is also studied. Emphasis is placed on simultaneously achieving high output energy and beam quality (low output M2). The use of multimode fibers to deliver UV pulses at 283 nm for PLIF measurements of OH radicals in a Hencken burner is demonstrated. The fiber delivery capability of UV light will benefit combustion diagnostics in hostile environments, such as augmentor and combustor rigs.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(260.7190) Physical optics : Ultraviolet
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 11, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 31, 2012
Published: September 20, 2012

Citation
Frank Loccisano, Sachin Joshi, Isaiah S. Franka, Zhiyao Yin, Walter R. Lempert, and Azer P. Yalin, "Fiber-coupled ultraviolet planar laser-induced fluorescence for combustion diagnostics," Appl. Opt. 51, 6691-6699 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-27-6691


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Dreizler and J. Janicka, “Diagnostic challenges for gas turbine combustor model validation,” in Applied Combustion Diagnostics, K. Kohse-Hoinghaus and J. B. Jeffries, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2002), p. 561.
  2. H. B. Ebrahimi, “Overview of gas turbine augmentor design, operation and combustion oscillation,” presented at the 19th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ILASS Americas, Toronto, Canada, 23–26 May 2006.
  3. H. Bohm and H. Jander, “PAH formation in acetylene-benzene pyrolysis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 3775–3781 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion, Temperature and Species (Gordon & Breach, 1996).
  5. G. Kychakoff, M. A. Kimball-Linne, and R. K. Hanson, “Fiber-optic absorption fluorescence probes for combustion measurements,” Appl. Opt. 22, 1426–1428 (1983). [CrossRef]
  6. M. A. Kimball-Linne, G. Kychakoff, and R. K. Hanson, “Fiberoptic absorption fluorescence combustion diagnostics,” Combus. Sci. Technol. 50, 307–322 (1986). [CrossRef]
  7. W. D. Kulatilaka, P. S. Hsu, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Point and planar ultraviolet excitation/detection of hydroxyl-radical laser-induced fluorescence through long optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1818–1820 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. P. S. Hsu, W. D. Kulatilaka, N. B. Jiang, J. R. Gord, and S. Roy, “Investigation of optical fibers for gas-phase, ultraviolet laser-induced-fluorescence (UV-LIF) spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 51, 4047–4057 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. J. M. Whitney, K. Takami, S. T. Sanders, and Y. Okura, “Design of system for rugged, low-noise fiber-optic access to high-temperature, high-pressure environments,” IEEE Sens. J. 11, 3295–3302 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Kittler and A. Dreizler, “Cinematographic imaging of hydroxyl radicals in turbulent flames by planar laser-induced fluorescence up to 5 kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 163–166 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. S. H. R. Muller, B. Bohm, M. Gleissner, S. Arndt, and A. Dreizler, “Analysis of the temporal flame kernel development in an optically accessible IC engine using high-speed OH-PLIF,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 447–452 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. R. S. Taylor, K. E. Leopold, R. K. Brimacombe, and S. Mihailov, “Dependence of the damage and transmission properties of fused silica fibers on the excimer laser wavelength,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3124–3134 (1988). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Joshi, A. P. Yalin, and A. Galvanauskas, “Use of hollow core fibers, fiber lasers, and photonic crystal fibers for spark delivery and laser ignition in gases,” Appl. Opt. 46, 4057–4064 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Matsuura, G. Takada, T. Yamamoto, Y. W. Shi, and M. Miyagi, “Hollow fibers for delivery of harmonic pulses of Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41, 442–445 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. J. P. Parry, T. J. Stephens, J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, and D. P. Hand, “Analysis of optical damage mechanisms in hollow-core waveguides delivery nanosecond pulses from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 45, 9160–9167(2006). [CrossRef]
  17. A. P. Yalin, M. DeFoort, B. Willson, Y. Matsuura, and M. Miyagi, “Use of hollow-core fibers to deliver nanosecond Nd:YAG laser pulses to form sparks in gases,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2083–2085 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. A. K. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Optical Electronics(Cambridge University, 1989).
  19. S. Hurand, L. A. Chauny, H. El-Rabii, S. Joshi, and A. P. Yalin, “Mode coupling and output beam quality of 100–400 μm core silica fibers,” Appl. Opt. 50, 492–499 (2011). [CrossRef]
  20. R. Hancock, K. Bertagnolli, and R. Lucht, “Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner,” Combust. Flame 109, 323–331 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. D. Gloge, “Optical power flow in multimode fibers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1767–1783 (1972).
  22. M. E. Fermann, “Single-mode excitation of multimode fibers with ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 52–54 (1998). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Joshi, N. Wilvert, and A. P. Yalin, “Delivery of high intensity beams with large clad step-index fibers for engine ignition,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).
  24. S. Savovic, A. Djordjevich, A. Simovic, and B. Drljaca, “Equilibrium mode distribution and steady-state distribution in 100–400 μm core step-index silica optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 50, 4170–4173 (2011). [CrossRef]
  25. P. S. Hsu, W. D. Kulatilaka, S. Roy, A. K. Patnaik, and J. R. Gord, “Development of an all-fiber-coupled, pulsed, ultraviolet, laser-induced-fluorescence (UV-LIF) detection system for OH radicals in practical combustion devices,” presented at the 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Nashville, Tenn., 9–12 Jan. 2012.
  26. W. P. Leung, M. Kulkarni, D. Krajnovich, and A. C. Tam, “Effect of intense and prolonged 248 nm pulsed-laser irradiation on the properties of ultraviolet-grade fused-silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 551–553 (1991). [CrossRef]
  27. N. Yamamoto, L. Tao, and A. P. Yalin, “Single-mode delivery of 250 nm light using a large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17, 16933–16940 (2009). [CrossRef]
  28. N. B. Jiang, M. C. Webster, and W. R. Lempert, “Advances in generation of high-repetition-rate burst mode laser output,” Appl. Opt. 48, B23–B31 (2009). [CrossRef]
  29. N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, G. L. Switzer, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, “Narrow-linewidth megahertz-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator for high-speed flow and combustion diagnostics,” Appl. Opt. 47, 64–71 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited