OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2012
  • pp: 7134–7143

Optical performance of coherent and incoherent imaging systems in the presence of ghost images

Rania H. Abd El-Maksoud, Matthias Hillenbrand, Stefan Sinzinger, and Jose Sasian  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 30, pp. 7134-7143 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.007134


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (801 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Ghost image analysis is of interest for optical designers as ghost images may degrade image quality in imaging systems. In a previous paper by Abd El-Maksoud and Sasian [Appl. Opt. 50, 2305 (2011)], ghost image analysis for incoherent systems was evaluated using geometrical optics. Some criteria were presented to identify focused ghost images at the nominal image plane. The main goal of this paper is to provide a conceptual understanding of ghost image formation and its impact on the performance of imaging systems using wave theory and Fourier optics. To achieve this goal, a methodology is developed to model ghost images after considering diffraction effects. Expressions for the ghost diffraction point spread function and the ghost transfer function are presented. These functions are used to construct effective point spread and effective transfer functions. To provide insights on the developed theory, some simulation examples are provided and discussed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(080.2740) Geometric optics : Geometric optical design
(080.3620) Geometric optics : Lens system design
(110.4100) Imaging systems : Modulation transfer function
(110.4280) Imaging systems : Noise in imaging systems
(110.4850) Imaging systems : Optical transfer functions

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

History
Original Manuscript: July 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 3, 2012
Published: October 11, 2012

Citation
Rania H. Abd El-Maksoud, Matthias Hillenbrand, Stefan Sinzinger, and Jose Sasian, "Optical performance of coherent and incoherent imaging systems in the presence of ghost images," Appl. Opt. 51, 7134-7143 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-30-7134


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. R. Descour, A. H. O. Kärkkäinen, J. D. Rogers, C. Liang, R. S. Weinstein, J. T. Rantala, B. Kilic, E. Madenci, R. R. Richards-Kortum, E. V. Anslyn, R. D. Dupuis, R. J. Schul, C. G. Willison, and C. P. Tiggis, “Toward the development of miniaturized imaging systems for detection of pre-cancer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 122–130 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Rogers, T. S. Tkaczyk, M. R. Descour, A. H. Kärkkäinen, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Removal of ghost images by using tilted element optical systems with polynomial surfaces for aberration compensation,” Opt. Lett. 31, 504–506 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Buchheister and L. Mueller, “Reflex free double pass objective due to reflective freeform surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7100, 71000N (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Buchheister and C. Weth, “Lens design with suppressed first order reflections,” Proc. SPIE 7652, 76522V (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. R. E. English, J. Miller, and J. Schweyen, “Ghost reflection analysis for the main laser of the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 3482, 748–753 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Hendrix, J. Schweyen, J. Rowe, and G. Beer, “Ghost analysis visualization techniques for complex systems from the NIF final optics assembly,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 306–320 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. L. B. Tuckerman, “On the intensity of the light reflected from or transmitted through a pile of plates,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 818–819 (1947). [CrossRef]
  8. A. E. Murray, “Reflected light and ghosts in optical systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 30–31 (1949). [CrossRef]
  9. A. G. Naylor, “Veiling glare due to multiple reflections between surfaces,” Can. J. Phys. 48, 2720–2724 (1970). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Smith, “Veiling glare due to reflections from component surfaces: the paraxial approximation,” Mod. Opt. 18, 815–827 (1971). [CrossRef]
  11. J.-C. Perrin, “Methods for rapid evaluation of the stray light in optical systems,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 392–399 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. R. H. Abd El-Maksoud and J. Sasian, “Modeling and analyzing ghost images for incoherent optical systems,” Appl. Opt. 50, 2305–2315 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. R. H. Abd El-Maksoud, “Ghost image analysis for optical systems,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Arizona, 2009).
  14. R. H. Abd El-Maksoud and J. M. Sasian, “Paraxial ghost image analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7428, 742807 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. R. J. Koshel, V. Abraham, J. Kim, Ron Liu, S. Richardson, S. Namnabat, A. Czajkowski, R. H. Abd El-Maksoud, R. Irvin, T. Nakazawa, M. Kudenov, M. Dawsey, E. de Leon, L. Wang, K. Crabtree, R. M. Orr, B. Primeau, and Y. Kim, “Illumination system design in a project-based course,” Proc. SPIE 7423, 742305 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts, 2005).
  17. V. Mahajan, Aberration Theory Made Simple (SPIE, 1991).
  18. ZEMAX optical design software, http://www.radiantzemax.com .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited