OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2012
  • pp: 7395–7401

Detection of toxic metals (lead and chromium) in talcum powder using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy

Mohammed A. Gondal, Mohamed A. Dastageer, Akhtar A. Naqvi, Anvar A. Isab, and Yasin W. Maganda  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 30, pp. 7395-7401 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.007395


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (384 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A laser induced breakdown spectroscopic (LIBS) system was developed using a 266 nm laser and a high-resolution spectrograph (Andor SR 500 i-A) to detect the trace levels of the highly toxic metals such as lead and chromium present in different brands of talcum powder available in the local market. The strongest atomic transition lines of lead (Pb) (405.7 nm) and chromium (Cr) (425.4 nm) were used as spectral markers to simultaneously detect lead and chromium. The LIBS system was calibrated for these two heavy metals, and the system was able to detect 15–20 parts per million (ppm) of lead and 20–30 ppm of chromium in the talcum powder sample. The limits of detection of the LIBS system were also estimated, and they are 1.96 and 1.72 ppm per million respectively for lead and chromium. This study is highly significant due to the use of cosmetic products that could affect the health of millions of people around the globe.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.0020) Atomic and molecular physics : Atomic and molecular physics
(040.1880) Detectors : Detection

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

History
Original Manuscript: July 2, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 30, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 5, 2012
Published: October 19, 2012

Citation
Mohammed A. Gondal, Mohamed A. Dastageer, Akhtar A. Naqvi, Anvar A. Isab, and Yasin W. Maganda, "Detection of toxic metals (lead and chromium) in talcum powder using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 51, 7395-7401 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-30-7395


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. J. Hostynek, “Toxic potential from metals absorbed through the skin,” Cosmet. Toilet. 113, 33–43 (1998).
  2. J. J. Hostynek, “Lead, manganese and mercury: metals in personal-care products,” Cosmet. Toilet. Mag. 116(8), 52–65 (2001).
  3. H. E. Gruber, H. C. Gonick, F. Khalil-Manesh, T. V. Sanchez, S. Motsinger, M. Meyer, and C. F. Sharp, “Osteopenia induced by long-term, low- and high-level exposure of the adult rat to lead,” Miner. Electrolyte Metab. 236, 45–73 (1997).
  4. C. Winder, “Reproductive and chromosomal effects of occupational exposure to lead in the male,” Reprod. Toxic. Rev. 7, 221–233 (1989).
  5. J. Schwartz and D. Otto, “Blood lead, hearing thresholds, and neurobehavioral development in children and youth,” Arch. Environ. Health 42, 153–160 (1987). [CrossRef]
  6. D. C. Rice, “Behavioral effects of lead in monkeys tested during infancy and adulthood,” Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 14, 235–245 (1992). [CrossRef]
  7. National Research Council (US), Measuring Lead Exposure in Infants Children and other Sensitive Populations (National Academy, 1993).
  8. M. A. Smith, L. D. Grant, and A. Sors, Lead Exposure and Child Development: An International Assessment (Kleeven, 1989).
  9. M. D. Cohen, B. Kargacin, C. B. Klein, and M. Costa, “Mechanisms of chromium carcinogenicity and toxicity,” Crit. Rev. Toxicol. 23, 255–281 (1993). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Basketter, L. Horev, D. Slodovnik, S. Merimes, A. Trattner, and A. Ingber, “Investigation of the threshold for allergic reactivity to chromium,” Contact Derm. 44, 70–74 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. F. Baruthio, “Toxic effects of chromium and its compounds,” Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 32, 145–153 (1992). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Langard, “Chromium carcinogenicity: a review of experimental animal data,” Sci. Total Environ. 71, 341–350 (1988). [CrossRef]
  13. D. A. Basketter, G. Briatico-Vangosa, W. Kaestner, C. Lally, and W. J. Bontinck, “Nickel, cobalt and chromium in consumer products: a role in allergic contact dermatitis?” Contact Derm. 28, 15–25 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. D. A. Basketter, G. Angelini, A. Ingber, P. S. Kern, and T. Menné, “Nickel, chromium and cobalt in consumer products: revisiting safe levels in the new millennium,” Contact Derm. 49, 1–7 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Miziolek, V. Palleschi, and I. Schecter, Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): Fundamental and Applications (University Press, 2006).
  16. J. L. Gottfried, F. C. De Lucia, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of explosives residues: a review of recent advances, challenges, and future prospects,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 395, 283–300 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Cunat, F. J. Fortes, and J. J. Lasagna, “Real time and in situ determination of lead in road sediments using a man-portable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analyzer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 38–42 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. R. E. Neuhauser, U. Pannev, R. Niessner, G. A. Petrucci, P. Cavalli, and N. Omenetto, “On line and in-situ detection of lead aerosols by plasma-spectroscopy and laser-excited atomic and fluorescence spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta. 346, 37–48 (1997). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Baudelet, Y. Liu, and M. Richardson, “Microwave-assisted LIBS: Towards a new tool for trace element detection and molecular plasma spectroscopy,” in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis (LACSEA), OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper LWc3p.
  20. S. Laville, M. Sabsabi, and F. R. Doucet, “Multi-elemental analysis of solidified mineral melt samples by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) coupled with a linear multivariate calibration,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 62, 1557–1566 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Sabsabi, and R. Russo, “Preface fourth international conference on laser induced plasma spectroscopy and applications (LIBS 2006),” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 62, 1285–1286 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. M. A. Gondal, and T. Hussain, “Determination of poisonous metals in wastewater collected from paint manufacturing plant using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Talanta 71, 73–80 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. M. A. Gondal, T. Hussain, Z. H. Yamani, and M. A. Baig, “Detection of heavy metals in Arabian crude oil residue using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Talanta 72, 642–649 (2007). [CrossRef]
  24. T. Hussain and M. A. Gondal, “Monitoring and assessment of toxic metals in Gulf War oil spill contaminated soil using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 136, 391–399 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. M. A. Gondal, T. Hussain, Z. H. Yamani, and A. H. Bakry, “Study of hazardous metals in iron slag waste using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Sci. Health A 42, 767–775 (2007). [CrossRef]
  26. M. A. Gondal, T. Hussain, Z. Ahmad, and A. Bakry, “Detection of contaminants in ore samples using laser induced break down spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Sci. Health A 42, 879–887 (2007). [CrossRef]
  27. R. Fantoni, L. Caneve, F. Colao, L. Fornarini, V. Lazic, and V. Spizzichino, “Methodologies for laboratory laser induced breakdown spectroscopy semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis—A review,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 1097–1108(2008). [CrossRef]
  28. E. H. Evans, J. A. Day, C. Palmer, and C. M. Smith, “Advances in atomic spectrometry and related techniques,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 760–784 (2010). [CrossRef]
  29. O. T. Butler, W. R. L. Cairns, J. M. Cook, and C. M. Davidson, “Atomic spectrometry update. Environmental analysis,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 103–141 (2010). [CrossRef]
  30. M. N. Shaikh, S. Hafeez, and M. A. Mohammed, “Comparison of zinc and plasma parameters produced by laser-ablation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 62, 1311–1320 (2007).
  31. A. Ferrero, and J. J. Laserna, “A theoretical study of atmospheric propagation of laser and return light for stand-off laser induced breakdown spectroscopy purposes,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 305–311 (2008). [CrossRef]
  32. A. De Giacomo, M. Dell’ Aglio, and O. De Pascale, “ns fs-LIBS of copper-based alloys: a different approach,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 7677–7681 (2007). [CrossRef]
  33. Y. Seong, Y. Y. Fang, and P. S. Jagdish, “Preliminary evaluation of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy for slurry samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 64, 113–118 (2008).
  34. C. Radivojevic, R. Haisch, S. Niessner, H. Florek, R. Becker, and U. Panne, “Microanalysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Anal. Chem. 76, 1648–1656 (2004). [CrossRef]
  35. D. M. Gertrg, D. J. Hunter, and D. W. Cramer, “Prospective study of talc use and ovarian cancer,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 92, 249–252 (2000).
  36. B. L. Harlow, D. W. Cramer, D. A. Bell, and W. R. Welch, “Perineal exposure to talc and ovarian cancer risk,” Obstet. Gynecol. 80, 19–26 (1992).
  37. S. Karageorgi, M. A. Gates, S. E. Hankinson, and I. De Vivo, “Perineal use of talcum powder and endometrial cancer risk,” Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 19, 1269–1275 (2010). [CrossRef]
  38. P. K. Mills, D. G. Riordan, R. D. Cress, and H. A. Young, “Perineal talc exposure and epithelial ovarian cancer risk in the Central Valley of California,” Int. J. Cancer 112, 458–464 (2004). [CrossRef]
  39. K. A. Rosenblatt, N. S. Weiss, K. L. Cushing-Haugen, K. G. Wicklund, and M. A. Rossing, “Genital powder exposure and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer,” Cancer Causes Control 22, 737–742 (2011). [CrossRef]
  40. NIST Atomic spectra database http://www.nist.gov/physlab/data/asd.cfm .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited