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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 32 — Nov. 10, 2012
  • pp: 7765–7770

Analysis of spatial hole burning and temperature effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with internal photonic crystal waveguide

Gholamhossein Haghighat  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 32, pp. 7765-7770 (2012)

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We investigate theoretically the effect of two-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) defect waveguide parameters embedded into vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) on static operation of PC-VCSEL, including spatial hole burning (SHB) and temperature in the active regions. In structures with larger pitch of PC holes, SHB occurs dramatically and temperature increases in the active region. In large-hole diameter to pitch ratio, SHB has little effect and temperature is decreased in the active regions. We also show that with higher input current, temperature rises and SHB occurs.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
(250.5590) Optoelectronics : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: August 27, 2012
Revised Manuscript: October 11, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 12, 2012
Published: November 6, 2012

Gholamhossein Haghighat, "Analysis of spatial hole burning and temperature effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with internal photonic crystal waveguide," Appl. Opt. 51, 7765-7770 (2012)

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