OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 7 — Mar. 1, 2012
  • pp: 954–962

Formation of transverse mode in axially symmetric lasers

V. G. Niziev and D. Toebaert  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 7, pp. 954-962 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.000954


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1058 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The developed iteration algorithm for simulation of lasers with an open resonator was employed in the study of transverse mode formation. The simulations of an axially symmetrical resonator rely on an analytical description of radiation diffraction from a narrow ring. Reflection of an incident wave with a specified amplitude-phase distribution from the mirror is calculated by the Green-function method. The model also includes an active medium homogeneous along the resonator axis that is represented by the formula for saturating gain. The calculations were performed for two types of lasers: with on-axis and off-axis gain maximum. In the first type of laser one can obtain either a principal mode or “multimode” generation. The latter means quasi-stationary generation with regular or chaotic oscillations. In the second type of laser high order single-mode generation is possible. Experimental results obtained on a fast axial flow 4 kW CO2 laser are also presented. They are in good agreement with the calculations.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.4070) Coherence and statistical optics : Modes
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(260.1960) Physical optics : Diffraction theory

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 7, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 4, 2011
Published: February 29, 2012

Citation
V. G. Niziev and D. Toebaert, "Formation of transverse mode in axially symmetric lasers," Appl. Opt. 51, 954-962 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-7-954


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  2. N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Optical Resonators: Fundamentals, Advanced Concepts and Applications (Springer Verlag, 1997).
  3. Y. A. Anan’ev, Laser Resonators and the Beam Divergence Problem (Institute of Physics, 1992).
  4. H. A. Haus, Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics (Prentice-Hall, 1984).
  5. V. G. Niziev and R. V. Grishaev, “Dynamics of mode formation in an open resonator,” Appl. Opt. 49, 6582–6590 (2010). [CrossRef]
  6. I. A. Ramsay and J. J. Degnan, “A ray analysis of optical resonators formed by two spherical mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 9, 385–398 (1970). [CrossRef]
  7. Anatol N. Khilo, Eugeny G. Katranji, and Anatol A. Ryzhevich, “Axicon-based Bessel resonator: analytical description and experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1986–1992 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. E. F. Yelden, H. J. J. Seguin, C. E. Capjack, S. K. Nikumb, and H. Reshef, “Toric unstable CO2 laser resonator: an experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1965–1974 (1992). [CrossRef]
  9. Masamori Endo, “Azimuthally polarized 1 kW CO2 laser with a triple-axicon retroreflector optical resonator,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1771–1773 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. P. Raizer, Gas Discharge Physics (Springer Verlag, 1997). [CrossRef]
  11. W. Schottky and J. Issendoff, “Über die Whärmewirkung kathodischer Gehäuseströme in Quecksilberentladungen,” Z. Phys. A Hadrons Nuclei 26, 85–94 (1924).
  12. N. Takahashi, E. Tsuchida, and H. Sato, “Spatial variation of gain and saturation in a fast axial flow CO2 laser amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3725–3736 (1989). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Tsuchida and H. Sato, “Dependence of spatial gain distribution on gas-flow velocity and discharge current in a FAF CO2 laser amplifier,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 396–405(1989). [CrossRef]
  14. W. W. Rigrod, “Saturation effects in high-gain laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2487–2490 (1965). [CrossRef]
  15. D. Toebaert, “An integrated approach to laser machine tool fabrication,” Laser User 49, 30–31 (2007).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited