OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 7 — Mar. 1, 2012
  • pp: B1–B6

Analysis of time-resolved superposed atomic hydrogen Balmer lines and molecular diatomic carbon spectra

Christian G. Parigger, Alexander Woods, and James O. Hornkohl  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 7, pp. B1-B6 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (686 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present analysis of superposition spectra following laser-induced breakdown (LIB) of methane. Both hydrogen-beta and hydrogen-gamma lines contain discernible contributions from diatomic carbon emissions for time delays of 1 to 2 μs from pulsed, 8 ns, infrared Nd:YAG laser radiation LIB. Analysis of the atomic lines and molecular C2 spectra reveal electron and molecular excitation temperatures of typically 13,000 and 5000 K, respectively.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic
(300.6390) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, molecular
(350.5400) Other areas of optics : Plasmas

Original Manuscript: October 11, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 15, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 18, 2011
Published: January 26, 2012

Christian G. Parigger, Alexander Woods, and James O. Hornkohl, "Analysis of time-resolved superposed atomic hydrogen Balmer lines and molecular diatomic carbon spectra," Appl. Opt. 51, B1-B6 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. G. Parigger, M. Dackman, and J. O. Hornkohl, “Time-resolved spectroscopy measurements of hydrogen-alpha, -beta, and -gamma emissions,” Appl. Opt. 47, G1–G6 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. A. W. Miziolek, V. Palleschi, and I. Schechter, eds., Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Cambridge University, 2006).
  3. D. E. Cremers and Leon J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
  4. C. Parigger and J. O. Hornkohl, “Diatomic molecular spectroscopy with standard and anomalous commutators,” Int. Rev. Atom. Mol. Phys. 1, 13–23 (2010).
  5. J. O. Hornkohl, L. Nemes, and C. G. Parigger, “Spectroscopy of carbon containing diatomic molecules,” in Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Molecular Theory of Carbon Plasmas and Vapor, L. Nemes and S. Irle, eds. (World Scientific, 2011), pp. 113–165.
  6. C. G. Parigger, D. H. Plemmons, and E. Oks, “Balmer series Hβ measurements in a laser-induced hydrogen plasma,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5992–6000 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. C. G. Parigger and E. Oks, “Hydrogen Balmer series spectroscopy in laser-induced breakdown plasmas,” Int. Rev. Atom. Mol. Phys. 1, 25–43 (2010).
  8. E. Oks, Stark Broadening of Hydrogen and Hydrogenlike Spectral Lines in Plasmas: The Physical Insight (Alpha Science, 2006).
  9. C. G. Parigger, “Diagnostics of a laser-induced optical breakdown based on half-width at half area of H-α, H-β, and H-γ lines,” Int. Rev. Atom. Mol. Phys. 2, 129–136 (2010).
  10. R. Zikić, M. A. Gigosos, M. Ivković, M. Á. González, and N. Konjević, “A program for the evaluation of electron number density from experimental hydrogen Balmer beta line profiles,” Spectrochim. Acta B 57, 987–998 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Torres, J. M. Palomares, M. A. Gigosos, A. Gamero, A. Sola, and J. J. A. M. van der Mullen, “An experimental study on the asymmetry and the dip form of the H β line profiles in microwave produced plasmas at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta B 63, 939–947 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Djurović, M. Ćirisan, A. V. Demura, G. V. Demchenko, D. Nikolić, M. A. Gigosos, and M. Á. González, “Measurements of Hβ Stark central asymmetry and its analysis through standard theory and computer simulations,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 046402 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Schrödinger, “Quantisierung als Eigenwertproblem,” Ann. Phys. 385, 437–490 (1926). [CrossRef]
  14. E. Schrödinger, “An undulatory theory of mechanics of atoms and molecules,” Phys. Rev. 28, 1049–1070 (1926). [CrossRef]
  15. P. A. Epstein, “The Stark effect from the point of view of Schrödingers quantum theory,” Phys. Rev. 28, 695–710(1926). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Stark, “Beobachtungen über den Effekt des electrischen Feldes auf Spectrallinien. V. Feinzerlegung der Wasserstoffserie,” Ann. Phys. 353, 193–209 (1915). [CrossRef]
  17. H. Jäger, “Experimental investigations of Stark effect at high field strengths,” Phys. Scr. T26, 74–83 (1989). [CrossRef]
  18. H. A. Bethe and E. Salpeter, Quantum Mechanics of One-and Two-Electron Atoms (Springer Verlag, 1957), p. 228–234.
  19. H. R. Griem, Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy (Cambridge University, 1993).
  20. R. C. Hillborn, “Einstein coefficients, cross sections, f values, dipole moments, and all that” (2002), http://arXiv.org/abs/physics/0202029 .
  21. J. O. Hornkohl, C. G. Parigger, and L. Nemes, “Diatomic Hönl–London factor computer program,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3686–3695 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. I. G. Dors, C. Parigger, and J. W. L. Lewis, “Spectroscopic temperature determination of aluminum monoxide in laser ablation with 266-nm radiation,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1778–1780 (1998). [CrossRef]
  23. C. G. Parigger and J. O. Hornkohl, “Computation of AlO B2Σ+→X2Σ+ emission spectra,” Spectrochim. Acta A 81, 404–411 (2011). [CrossRef]
  24. C. O. Laux, “Radiation and nonequilibrium collisional-radiative models,” in Physico-Chemical Modeling of High Enthalpy and Plasma Flows, D. Fletcher, J.-M. Charbonnier, G. S. R. Sarma, and T. Magin, eds., von Karman Institute Lecture Series 2002–07 (Rhode-Saint-Genése, 2002).
  25. C. Parigger, G. Guan, and J. O. Hornkohl, “Measurement and analysis of OH emission spectra following laser-induced optical breakdown in air,” Appl. Opt. 42, 5986–5991 (2003). [CrossRef]
  26. R. E. Russo, A. A. Bol’shakov, X. Mao, C. P. McKay, D. L. Perry, and O. Sorkhabi, “Laser ablation molecular isotopic spectrometry (LAMIS),” Spectrochim. Acta B 66, 99–104 (2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited