OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2012
  • pp: 1061–1066

Multiparameter measurement of absorbing liquid by time-resolved photoacoustics

Zuomin Zhao and Risto Myllylä  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 8, pp. 1061-1066 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (426 KB) Open Access

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Measuring constituent concentrations of processing liquids provides highly useful data for industrial process control. Techniques that allow online measurement will greatly save resources and energy, making them highly attractive for enterprises. In this paper, we develop a technique based on time-resolved photoacoustics for simultaneously measuring the optical absorption coefficient, acoustic speed, and thermal-acoustic transformation coefficient of an absorbing liquid, using an experimental setup that merely employs a nanosecond pulsed laser with millijoule energy and a single piezoelectric transducer with a wide frequency bandwidth. As investigated samples, we use potassium chromate, glucose, and their mixing solutions. Experimental results show that the value of each parameter measured in a mixed solution is approximately equal to the sum value of the same parameter in the constituent solutions. This means that a simultaneous measurement of these parameters enables us to calculate two or three constituent concentrations in a mixed liquid, if the constituent substances differ clearly from one another in terms of their optical absorption, acoustic speed, or thermal-acoustic transformation properties.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(300.6250) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, condensed matter
(300.6430) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, photothermal

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: August 11, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 5, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 8, 2011
Published: March 5, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Zuomin Zhao and Risto Myllylä, "Multiparameter measurement of absorbing liquid by time-resolved photoacoustics," Appl. Opt. 51, 1061-1066 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Tormanen, J. Niemi, T. Lofqvist, and R. Myllyla, “Pulp consistency determined by a combination of optical and acoustical measurement techniques,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 695–702 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. Q. Zhu, D. Sullivan, B. Chance, and T. Dambro, “Combined ultrasound and near infrared diffused light imaging in a test object,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 46, 665–678 (1999).
  3. C. A. DiMarzio and T. W. Murray, “Medical imaging techniques combining light and ultrasound,” Subsurf. Sens. Technol. Appl. 4, 289–309 (2003).
  4. V. Cunningham and H. Lamela, “Optical and optoacoustic measurements of the absorption properties of spherical gold nanoparticles within a highly scattering medium,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 769–774 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Niemi, T. Lofqvist, and P. Gren, “On a new sensing strategy using a combination of ultrasonic and photoacoustic techniques,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Ultrasonic Symposium (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1797–1800.
  6. S. Y. Emelianova, S. R. Aglyamov, J. Shah, S. Sethuraman, W. G. Scott, R. Schmitt, Motamedi Massoud, A. Karpiouk, and A. A. Oraevsky, “Combined ultrasound, optoacoustic and elasticity imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5320, 101–112 (2004).
  7. Y. Shen, Z. Lu, S. Spiers, H. MacKenzie, H. Ashton, J. Hannigan, S. Freeborn, and J. Lindberg, “Measurement of the optical absorption coefficient of a liquid by use of a time-resolved photoacoustic technique,” Appl. Opt. 39, 4007–4012 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Kimoto and T. Kitajima, “An optical, electrical and ultrasonic layered single sensor for ingredient measurement in liquid,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035204 (2010).
  9. Z. Zhao and R. Myllylä, “Measuring the optical parameters of weakly absorbing, highly turbid suspensions by a new technique: photoacoustic detection of scattering light,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7845–7852 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Zhao, M. Törmänen, and R. Myllylä, “A preliminary measurement of fibres and fines in pulp suspensions by the scattering photoacoustic technique,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 128–134 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Zhao, M. Törmänen, and R. Myllylä, “Backward-mode photoacoustic transducer for sensing optical scattering and ultrasonic attenuation: determining fraction consistency in pulp suspensions,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 025105 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. A. C. Tam, “Applications of photoacoustic sensing techniques,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 58, 381–431 (1986).
  13. A. Oraevsky, S. Jacques, and F. Tittel, “Measurement of tissue optical properties by time-resolved detection of laser-induced transient stress,” Appl. Opt. 36, 402–415 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. W. Sigrist, “Laser generation of acoustic waves in liquids and gases,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R83–R121 (1986). [CrossRef]
  15. H. MacKenzie, H. Ashton, S. Spiers, Y. Shen, S. Freeborn, J. Hannigan, J. Lindberg, and P. Rae, “Advances in photoacoustic noninvasive glucose testing,” Clinical Chem. 45, 1587–1595 (1999).
  16. Z. Zhao, “Pulsed photoacoustic techniques and glucose determination in human blood and tissue,” doctoral thesis (Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series C 169, 2002).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited