OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2013
  • pp: 3027–3030

Detection of nitrogen dioxide using an external modulation diode laser

Yong Yang, Zhihui Gao, Dehui Zhong, and Weihao Lin  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 13, pp. 3027-3030 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (319 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe a nitrogen dioxide (NO2) detecting technique based on external modulation and correlation detection using a diode laser operating at 445 nm. The technique is suitable for real-time monitoring of nitrogen dioxide concentration because of its straightforward data evaluation, restraining noises, and a low degree of complexity. Measurements of concentrations of nitrogen dioxide have been carried out at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The absorption signals have been extracted through the correlation detection technique and evaluated by a least-squares method. The results suggest a detection limit of 5 ppm using a 20 cm long gas cell with 100 ms integration time.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

Original Manuscript: January 29, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 26, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 27, 2013
Published: April 24, 2013

Yong Yang, Zhihui Gao, Dehui Zhong, and Weihao Lin, "Detection of nitrogen dioxide using an external modulation diode laser," Appl. Opt. 52, 3027-3030 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. H. Seinfeld and S. N. Pandis, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: from Air Pollution to Climate Change (Wiley, 1998).
  2. R. P. Wayne, Chemistry of Atmospheres (Oxford University, 2000).
  3. T. B. Ryerson, E. J. Williams, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, “An efficient photolysis system for fast-response NO2 measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 26447–26461 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Edner, P. Ragnarson, S. Spännare, and S. Svanberg, “Differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) system for urban atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Appl. Opt. 32, 327–333 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Kern, S. Trick, B. Rippel, and U. Platt, “Applicability of light-emitting diodes as light sources for active differential optical absorption spectroscopy measurements,” Appl. Opt. 45, 2077–2088 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. X. S. Cai, S. R. Li, J. Y. Fu, and Z. J. Zhao, “Study on measuring concentration of NO2 with DOAS method,” J. Eng. Thermosphys. 24, 351–353 (2003).
  7. Y. Shen, B. Zhou, S. S. Wang, Y. C. Zhang, and L. M. Chen, “Measurement of NO2 in cigarette main smoke by differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28, 1934–1937 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. C. Guo, T. H. Zhang, C. Gao, and X. E. Guo, “Differential optical absorption spectroscopy and applications in atmospheric monitoring studies,” J. Chongqing Univ. 26, 27–31 (2003).
  9. F. Xu, Z. Lv, X. Lou, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhang, “Nitrogen dioxide monitoring using a blue LED,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5337–5340 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Wu, W. Zhao, W. Chen, W. Zhang, and X. Gao, “Incoherent broadband cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy for in situ measurements of NO2 with a blue light emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. B 94, 85–94 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. I. Ventrillard-Courtillot, E. Sciamma O’Brien, S. Kassi, G. Méjean, and D. Romanini, “Incoherent broad-band cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy for simultaneous trace measurements of NO2 and NO3 with a LED source,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 661–669 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. S. M. Ball, J. M. Langridge, and R. L. Jones, “Broadband cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy using light emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 398, 68–74 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Somesfalean, J. Alnis, U. Gustafsson, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, “Long-path monitoring of NO2 with a 635 nm diode laser using frequency-modulation spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5148–5151 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Yang, Z. H. Gao, Z. Cao, J. H. Yang, H. Q. Lin, and Z. C. Chen, “Detection of the NO2 based on laser spectrum,” Laser Technol. 36, 198–199 (2012).
  15. A. Karpf and G. N. Rao, “Enhanced sensitivity for the detection of trace gases using multiple line integrated absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5061–5066 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. J. T. C. Liu, R. K. Hanson, and J. B. Jeffries, “High-sensitivity absorption diagnostic for NO2 using a blue diode laser,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 72, 655–664 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. P. Werle, “A review of recent advances in semiconductor laser based gas monitors,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 54, 197–236 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Liu and B. Z. Zhang, “Methods for weak signal detection,” in Technology of Weak Signal Detection (Academic, 2005), pp. 75–89.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited