OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2013
  • pp: 3147–3155

Acquisition probability analysis of ultra-wide FOV acquisition scheme in optical links under impact of atmospheric turbulence

Bo Tu, Lu Liu, Yihui Liu, Ye Jin, and Junxiong Tang  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 14, pp. 3147-3155 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (699 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Reliable data transmission in optical wireless communication is on the premise of the successful establishment of the optical link. In this paper, we propose an ultra-wide field-of-view (FOV) acquisition scheme, which combines the fisheye lens and Voigt anomalous dispersion optical filter (VADOF) to achieve rapid establishment of wireless optical links. Furthermore, the ultra-wide FOV signal-receiving model for this acquisition scheme is presented to analyze the receiving performance. This acquisition scheme utilizes the fisheye lens to obtain the ultra-wide FOV, not only simplifying the system architecture of the spatial acquisition, but also reducing the acquisition time; a VADOF with ultra-narrow-pass bandwidth is adopted to resist the strong background radiation induced by the ultra-wide FOV. For this ultra-wide FOV acquisition scheme, the mathematical model of long-term average acquisition probability (LTAAP) is derived based on the gamma–gamma (GG) distribution. In an atmospheric turbulence environment, the average signal count and the acquisition probability are both random variables; therefore, the probability density of the average signal count needs to be considered and LTAAP can be calculated based on the GG distribution. Comprehensive analysis and numerical results of the key parameters of this ultra-wide FOV acquisition scheme, such as LTAAP, false-alarm probability, signal-to-noise ratio, incident angle of beam, scintillation index, and acquisition threshold, provide an advantageous basis for the actual spatial acquisition system.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(010.3310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Laser beam transmission
(040.0040) Detectors : Detectors
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: January 30, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 2, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 2, 2013
Published: May 2, 2013

Bo Tu, Lu Liu, Yihui Liu, Ye Jin, and Junxiong Tang, "Acquisition probability analysis of ultra-wide FOV acquisition scheme in optical links under impact of atmospheric turbulence," Appl. Opt. 52, 3147-3155 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. M. Gagliardi and S. Karp, Optical Communication (Wiley, 1995).
  2. K. Wakamori, K. Kazaura, and M. Matsumoto, “Research and development of a next-generation free-space optical communication system,” Proc. SPIE 7234, 723404 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Wang and J. M. Kahn, “Acquisition in short-range free-space optical communication,” Proc. SPIE 4873, 121–131 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Reyes, S. Chueca, T. Viera, and Z. Sodnik, “Analysis of the preliminary optical links between ARTEMIS and the optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 4821, 33–43 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. H. J. White, D. W. Gough, R. Merry, and S. Patrick, “Demonstration of free space optical communication link incorporating a closed-loop tracking system for mobile platforms,” Proc. SPIE 5614, 119–128 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. S. K. Nayar, “Omnidirectional vision,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Robotics Research, Japan, October 1997.
  7. X. Ma and L. Liu, “Aperture-array acquisition scheme for optical links in atmospheric turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 49, 718–723 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. T. H. Ho, S. D. Milner, and C. C. Davis, “Pointing, acquisition and tracking system with omnivision,” Proc. SPIE 5892, 420–431 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. J. M. Kovalik, A. Biswas, J. R. Charles, and M. Regehrm, “Autonomous access links using laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990H (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. X. Song, L. Liu, and J. Tang, “High-accuracy angle detection for ultra-wide-field-of-view acquisition in wireless optical links,” Opt. Eng. 47, 025010 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Bloom, V. Chan, and C. S. Liu, “High-elevation terrestrial validation of BMDO laser com system at 1.1  Gbit/s,” Proc. SPIE 2381, 113–128 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Cotton, “Narrowband optical interference filters,” Proc. SPIE 1417, 525–536 (1991). [CrossRef]
  13. K. Muroo, “Resonant Voigt effect spectrum of the RbD2 transition,” Opt. Soc. Am. 11, 409–414 (1994).
  14. S. Arnon, “The effects of atmospheric turbulence and building sway on optical wireless communication system,” Opt. Lett. 28, 129–131 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. L. R. Bissonnette, “Atmospheric scintillation of optical and infrared waves: a laboratory simulation,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2242–2251 (1977). [CrossRef]
  16. I. I. Kim, M. Mitchell, and R. E. Korevaar, “Measurement of scintillation for free-space laser communication at 785 nm and 1550 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3850, 49–62 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, M. F. Stell, L. Wasiczko, M. R. Suite, R. Mahon, W. S. Rabinovich, G. C. Gilbreath, and W. J. Scharpf, “Atmospheric turbulence studies of a 16 km maritime path,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 78–88 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Al-Habash and L. C. Andrews, “Mathematical model for the irradiance probability density function of a laser beam propagating through turbulent media,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1554–1562 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. J. H. Churnside and S. F. Clifford, “Log-normal Rician probability-density function of optical scintillations in the turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1923–1930 (1987). [CrossRef]
  20. R. J. Hill and R. G. Frehlich, “Probability distribution of radiance for the onset of strong scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1530–1540 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. J. H. Churnside and R. G. Frehlich, “Experimental evaluation of log-normally modulated Rician and IK models of optical scintillation in the atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1760–1766 (1989). [CrossRef]
  22. T. A. Tsiftsis, “Performance of heterodyne wireless optical communication systems over gamma–gamma atmospheric turbulence channels,” IEEE Electron. Lett. 44, 372–373 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. E. Bayaki, R. Schober, and R. K. Mallik, “Performance analysis of free-space optical systems in gamma–gamma fading,” Globecom, New Orleans, USA, December (2008).
  24. K. Miyamoto, “Fish Eye Lens,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1060–1061 (1964). [CrossRef]
  25. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media (SPIE, 2005).
  26. P. J. Titterton and J. P. Speck, “Probability of bit error for an optical binary communication link in the presence of atmospheric scintillation: poisson case,” Appl. Opt. 12, 425–426 (1973). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited