OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2013
  • pp: 3156–3165

Four-wave mixing in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers

Ahmed H. Flayyih and Amin H. Al-Khursan  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 14, pp. 3156-3165 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.003156


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (787 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The theory of four-wave mixing (FWM) in the quantum dot (QD) semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) is discussed by combining the QD rate equations system, the quantum-mechanical density-matrix theory, and the pulse propagation in QD SOAs including the three region of QD structure ground state (GS), excited state (ES), and wetting layer. Also, relations for differential gain, gain integral, and nonlinear susceptibility of both pump, probe, and signal pulses were discussed. Gain and differential gain have been calculated for QD structure. FWM efficiency and its components [spectral hole burning (SHB), carrier heating, and carrier density pulsation] are calculated. It is found that inclusion of ES in the formulas and in the calculations is essential since it works as a carrier reservoir for GS. It is found that QD SOA with enough capture time from ES to GS will reduce the SHB component, and so it is suitable for telecommunication applications that require symmetric conversion and independent detuning.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 1, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 1, 2013
Published: May 7, 2013

Citation
Ahmed H. Flayyih and Amin H. Al-Khursan, "Four-wave mixing in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Appl. Opt. 52, 3156-3165 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-52-14-3156

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited