OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2013
  • pp: 3166–3171

Intermodal interferometer based on a fluid-filled two-mode photonic crystal fiber for sensing applications

Shuangxia Wang, Yan-ge Liu, Zhi Wang, Tingting Han, Weicai Xu, Yunkun Wang, and Shangcheng Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 14, pp. 3166-3171 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.003166


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (711 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A fluid-filled two-mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF)-based intermodal interferometer and its sensing characteristics are demonstrated and investigated. The interferometer works from the interference between LP01 and LP11 core modes of the fluid-filled PCF. Solutions to enhance the temperature sensitivity of the interferometer are also discussed. Via choosing a higher fluid-filled length ratio of PCF, a sensitivity of more than 340pm/°C at 1480 nm is achieved, which is the highest value for a PCF intermodal interferometer-based sensor, to our best knowledge. Furthermore, there exist significant differences in temperature and strain sensitivity for two different interference dips, thus the interferometer can be used as a dual-parameter sensor with a compact structure through matrix demodulation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: February 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 31, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 3, 2013
Published: May 7, 2013

Citation
Shuangxia Wang, Yan-ge Liu, Zhi Wang, Tingting Han, Weicai Xu, Yunkun Wang, and Shangcheng Wang, "Intermodal interferometer based on a fluid-filled two-mode photonic crystal fiber for sensing applications," Appl. Opt. 52, 3166-3171 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-52-14-3166


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. Coviello, V. Finazzi, J. Villatoro, and V. Pruneri, “Thermally stabilized PCF-based sensor for temperature measurements up to 1000°C,” Opt. Express 17, 21551–21559 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. B. Dong and E. J. Hao, “Core-offset hollow core photonic bandgap fiber-based intermodal interferometer for strain and temperature measurements,” Appl. Opt. 50, 3011–3014 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. S.-j. Qiu, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y.-q. Lu, “Temperature sensor based on an isopropanol-sealed photonic crystal fiber in-line interferometer with enhanced refractive index sensitivity,” Opt. Lett. 37, 863–865 (2012). [CrossRef]
  4. K. Mileńko, D. J. J. Hu, P. P. Shum, T. Zhang, J. L. Lim, Y. Wang, T. R. Woliński, H. Wei, and W. Tong, “Photonic crystal fiber tip interferometer for refractive index sensing,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1373–1375 (2012). [CrossRef]
  5. V. P. Minkovich, J. Villatoro, D. M. Hernández, S. Calixto, A. B. Sotsky, and L. I. Sotskaya, “Holey fiber tapers with resonance transmission for high-resolution refractive index sensing,” Opt. Express 13, 7609–7614 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. S.-j. Qiu, Y. Chen, J.-l. Kou, F. Xu, and Y.-q. Lu, “Miniture tapered photonic crystal fiber interferometer with enhanced sensitivity by acid microdroplets etching,” Appl. Opt. 50, 4328–4332 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Dong and E. J. Hao, “Temperature-insensitive and intensity-modulated embedded photonic-crystal-fiber modal-interferometer-based microdisplacement sensor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2332–2336 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Zhong, C. Shen, Y. You, J. Chu, X. Zou, X. Dong, Y. Jin, and J. Wang, “Temperature-insensitive optical fiber two-dimensional micrometric displacement sensor based on an in-line Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1136–1140 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrel, “Photonic crystal fiber interferometer for dew detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1150–1155 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Sun, Y.-g. Liu, Z. Wang, B. Tai, T. Han, B. Liu, W. Cui, H. Wei, and W. Tong, “Long period grating assistant photonic crystal fiber modal interferometer,” Opt. Express 19, 12913–12918 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Y. Choi, K. S. Park, and B. H. Lee, “Photonic crystal fiber interferometer composed of a long period fiber grating and one point collapsing of air holes,” Opt. Lett. 33, 812–814 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Villatoro, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, “Simple all-micro-structured-optical-fiber interferometer built via fusion splicing,” Opt. Express 15, 1491–1496 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. X. Zheng, Y.-g. Liu, Z. Wang, T. Han, C. Wei, and J. Chen, “Transmission and temperature sensing characteristics of a selectively liquid-filled photonic-bandgap-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 141104 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Han, Y.-g. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Guo, Z. Wu, S. Wang, Z. Li, and W. Zhou, “Unique characteristics of a selective-filling photonic crystal fiber Sagnac interferometer and its application as high sensitivity sensor,” Opt. Express 21, 122–128(2013). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Holey fiber analysis through the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530–1532 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Han, Y.-g. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Wu, S. Wang, and S. Li, “Simultaneous temperature and force measurement using Fabry–Perot interferometer and bandgap effect of a fluid-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 20, 13320–13325 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Wu, Y.-g. Liu, Z. Wang, T. Han, S. Li, M. Jiang, P. P. Shum, and X. Q. Dinh, “In-line Mach–Zehnder interferometer composed of microtaper and long-period grating in all-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141106 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited