OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2013
  • pp: 3216–3220

Polarization-independent adaptive lens with two different blue-phase liquid-crystal layers

Yifan Liu, Yan Li, and Shin-Tson Wu  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 14, pp. 3216-3220 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (421 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An adaptive microlens structure is proposed using two polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid-crystal layers whose Kerr constant is largely mismatched. This device exhibits several favorable features, such as polarization independence, simple structure, and good parabolic phase profile. Its applications for 2D/3D switchable displays and other photonic devices are emphasized.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(110.1080) Imaging systems : Active or adaptive optics

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: March 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 14, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 15, 2013
Published: May 7, 2013

Yifan Liu, Yan Li, and Shin-Tson Wu, "Polarization-independent adaptive lens with two different blue-phase liquid-crystal layers," Appl. Opt. 52, 3216-3220 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Sato, “Liquid-crystal lens-cells with variable focal length,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1679–1684 (1979). [CrossRef]
  2. C. W. Chen, M. Cho, Y. P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional imaging with axially distributed sensing using electronically controlled liquid crystal lens,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4125–4127 (2012). [CrossRef]
  3. M. G. H. Hiddink, S. T. de Zwart, O. H. Willemsen, and T. Dekker, “Locally switchable 3D displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 1142–1145 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Nose, S. Masuda, S. Sato, J. Li, L. C. Chien, and P. J. Bos, “Effect of low polymer content in a liquid crystal microlens,” Opt. Lett. 22, 351–353 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, “Superzone Fresnel liquid crystal lens for temporal scanning auto-stereoscopic display,” J. Display Technology 8, 650–655 (2012). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Lu, L. Shi, P. J. Bos, T. Van Heugten, and D. Duston, “Comparisons between a liquid crystal refractive lens and a diffractive lens for 3D displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 42, 171–174 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Ferstl and A. Frisch, “Static and dynamic Fresnel zone lenses for optical interconnections,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1451–1462 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. P. F. McManamon, T. A. Dorschner, D. L. Corkum, L. J. Friedman, D. S. Hobbs, M. Holz, S. Liberman, H. Q. Nguyen, D. P. Resler, R. C. Sharp, and E. A. Watson, “Optical phased array technology,” Proc. IEEE 84, 268–298 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Y. Kao, C. P. Chao, and C. W. Hsueh, “A new low-voltage-driven GRIN liquid crystal lens with multiple ring electrodes in unequal widths,” Opt. Express 18, 18506–18518 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. H. Fan, H. W. Ren, X. Liang, H. Wang, and S. T. Wu, “Liquid crystal microlens arrays with switchable positive and negative focal lengths,” J. Display Technology 1, 151–156 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. B. Wang, M. Ye, and S. Sato, “Liquid crystal lens with focal length variable from negative to positive values,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 79–81 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Ren, D. Fox, B. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Liquid crystal lens with large focal length tunability and low operating voltage,” Opt. Express 15, 11328–11335 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Gauza, H. Wang, C. H. Wen, S. T. Wu, A. Seed, and R. Dabrowski, “High birefringence isothiocyanato tolane liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3463–3466 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. H. Lin, H. Ren, Y. H. Wu, Y. Zhao, J. Fang, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization-independent liquid crystal phase modulators using a thin polymer-separated double-layered structure,” Opt. Express 13, 8746–8752 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1, 64–68 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17, 2311–2315 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Display Technology 6, 49–51 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Chen, J. Yan, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, X. Liang, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A microsecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201105 (2011). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113505 (2010). [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Li and S. T. Wu, “Polarization independent adaptive microlens with a blue-phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 8045–8050 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. C. T. Lee, Y. Li, H. Y. Lin, and S. T. Wu, “Design of polarization independent multi-electrode GRIN lens with a blue-phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 17402–17407 (2011). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Li, Y. Liu, Q. Li, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization independent blue-phase liquid crystal cylindrical lens with a resistive film,” Appl. Opt. 51, 2568–2572 (2012). [CrossRef]
  24. C. H. Lin, Y. Y. Wang, and C.-W. Hsieh, “Polarization-independent and high-diffraction-efficiency Fresnel lenses based on blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 36, 502–504 (2011). [CrossRef]
  25. Y. H. Fan, H. Ren, and S. T. Wu, “Switchable Fresnel lens using polymer-stabilized liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 11, 3080–3086 (2003). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071105 (2010). [CrossRef]
  27. H. C. Cheng, J. Yan, T. Ishinabe, and S. T. Wu, “Vertical field switching for blue-phase liquid crystal devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 261102 (2011). [CrossRef]
  28. P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 116, 197–206 (1985). [CrossRef]
  29. L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 081109 (2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited