OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2013
  • pp: 4576–4581

Effect of intensity variation of laser in resonator integrated optic gyro

Ming Lei, Lishuang Feng, Yinzhou Zhi, and Huilan Liu  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 19, pp. 4576-4581 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (856 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The performance of the resonator integrated optic gyro (RIOG) is inevitably influenced by the intensity variation of the laser. In this work, the effect of intensity variation of the laser is mathematically formulized, analyzed, and experimentally validated, to our knowledge for the first time. First, the demodulated curves with different light intensities input of the integrated optical resonator (IOR) are simulated; the relationship between the slope of the demodulated curve near the resonant point and the light intensity input of the IOR is obtained. Second, the amplitudes of the output square waveforms with different zero biases are demonstrated, and it can be concluded that the effect of intensity variation has a high correlation with the nonzero bias between the clockwise and counterclockwise resonant frequency. Third, the experimental setup is constructed and the related measurements are performed, the test results are in good agreement with the analytical and numerical simulation, and in order to reach the limited ultimate sensitivity of the RIOG, it is necessary to restrict the nonreciprocal zero bias within 8.1deg/s under an open-loop output scheme. Furthermore, to eliminate the noise induced by intensity variation of the laser and realize a high performance RIOG, a closed-loop operation is required.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2800) Fiber optics and optical communications : Gyroscopes
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(070.5753) Fourier optics and signal processing : Resonators

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: April 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 27, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 27, 2013
Published: June 26, 2013

Ming Lei, Lishuang Feng, Yinzhou Zhi, and Huilan Liu, "Effect of intensity variation of laser in resonator integrated optic gyro," Appl. Opt. 52, 4576-4581 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. C. Lefevre, The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope (National Defence Industry, 2002).
  2. M. Lei, L. Feng, Y. Zhi, H. Liu, J. Wang, X. Ren, and N. Su, “Current modulation technique used in resonator micro-optic gyro,” Appl. Opt. 52, 307–313 (2013). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Hotate, “Passive and active resonator fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2895, 68–78 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. S. J. Sanders, L. K. Strandjord, and D. Mead, “Fiber optic gyro technology trends—a Honeywell perspective,” Proc. IEEE 1, 5–8 (2002).
  5. S. Emge and S. Bennett, “Reduced minimum configuration fiber optic gyro for land navigation applications,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 12(4), 18–21 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Hotate, X. Wang, and Z. He, “Resonator fiber optic gyroscope with digital serrodyne scheme using a digital controller,” Proc. SPIE 7314, 731402 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. A. W. Lawrence, “The micro-optics gyro,” in Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart, 1983.
  8. A. W. Lawrence, “Providing an inexpensive gyro for the navigation mass market,” in Proceedings of the Navigation National Technical Meeting (The Institute of Navigation, 1990), pp. 161–166.
  9. K. Suzuki, K. Takiguchi, and K. Hotate, “Monolithically integrated resonator microoptic gyro on silica planar lightwave circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 66–72 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Monovoukas, A. K. Swiechi, and F. Maseeh, “Integrated optical gyroscopes offering low cost, small size and vibration immunity,” Proc. SPIE 3936, 293–300 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Mao, H. Ma, and Z. Jin, “Polarization maintaining silica waveguide resonator optic gyro using double phase modulation technique,” Opt. Express 19, 4632–4643 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Vlasov, W. Green, M. William, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242–246 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Hong, C. Zhang, L. Feng, H. Yu, and M. Lei, “Frequency modulation induced by using the linear phase modulation method used in a resonator integrated optic gyro,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 14211–14214 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, and M. Higashiguchi, “Backscattering in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro: experiment,” Appl. Opt. 25, 4448–4451 (1986). [CrossRef]
  15. F. Zarinetchi and Z. S. Ezekiel, “Observation of lock-in behavior in a passive resonator gyroscope,” Opt. Lett. 11, 401–403 (1986). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Ma, X. Yu, and Z. Jin, “Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator integrating in-line polarizers,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3342–3344 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. X. Wang, Z. He, and K. Hotate, “Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices,” Opt. Express 18, 1677–1683 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, “Compensation of the optical Kerr effect in fiber-optic gyroscopes,” Opt. Lett. 7, 282–284 (1982). [CrossRef]
  19. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, and M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr effect in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 645–651 (1986). [CrossRef]
  20. D. Ying, M. S. Demokan, X. Zhang, and W. Jin, “Analysis of Kerr effect in resonator fiber optic gyros with triangular wave phase modulation,” Appl. Opt. 49, 529–535 (2010). [CrossRef]
  21. L. K. Strandjord and G. A. Sanders, “Resonator fiber optic gyro employing a polarization rotating resonator,” Proc. SPIE 1585, 163–172 (1991). [CrossRef]
  22. H. Ma, X. Chang, H. Mao, and Z. Jin, “Laser frequency noise limited sensitivity in a resonator optic gyroscope,” Proceedings of 15th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2010), Vol. 8P-70, pp. 706–707.
  23. K. Hotate and M. Harumoto, “Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 466–473 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. L. Feng, M. Lei, Y. Zhi, and J. Wang, “Suppression of backreflection noise in a resonator integrated optic gyro by hybrid phase-modulation technology,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1668–1675 (2013). [CrossRef]
  25. D. M. Shupe, “Thermally induced nonreciprocity in fiber-optic interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 19, 654–655 (1980). [CrossRef]
  26. S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, “Reduced thermal sensitivity of a fiber optic gyroscope using an air-core photonic-bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 861–865 (2007). [CrossRef]
  27. L. Hong, C. Zhang, L. Feng, M. Lei, and H. Yu, “Effect of phase modulation nonlinearity in resonator micro-optic gyro,” Opt. Eng. 50, 094404 (2011). [CrossRef]
  28. D. Ying, H. Ma, and Z. Jin, “Dynamic characteristics of R-FOG based on the triangle wave phase modulation technique,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5340–5343 (2008). [CrossRef]
  29. A. D. Whalen, Detection of Signal in Noise (Academic, 1971).
  30. H. Yu, C. Zhang, L. Feng, Z. Zhou, and L. Hong, “Waveguide resonator used in an integrated optical gyroscope,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 054210 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited