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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 2013
  • pp: 6100–6111

Polarized infrared reflectivity of one-dimensional Gaussian sea surfaces with surface reflections

Hongkun Li, Nicolas Pinel, and Christophe Bourlier  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 25, pp. 6100-6111 (2013)

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Sea surface infrared reflectivity is an important parameter in maritime remote sensing. Usually, single reflection by the sea surface is considered. However, a loss of energy is then reported for large zenith observation angles (θ>50°) with a peak of about 4% for θ80°, because of the neglect of the multiple surface reflections. This paper presents calculations for the polarized infrared reflectivity of one-dimensional sea surfaces (2D problems) with two surface reflections, by introducing a bistatic illumination function with two reflections. The results show good agreement with the ones obtained by a Monte Carlo ray-tracing method. It is also shown that the energy conservation criterion is better satisfied after considering two surface reflections.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.5490) General : Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics
(260.3060) Physical optics : Infrared
(290.5880) Scattering : Scattering, rough surfaces
(280.5715) Remote sensing and sensors : Refractivity profiles
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

Original Manuscript: December 5, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 29, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 19, 2013
Published: August 22, 2013

Hongkun Li, Nicolas Pinel, and Christophe Bourlier, "Polarized infrared reflectivity of one-dimensional Gaussian sea surfaces with surface reflections," Appl. Opt. 52, 6100-6111 (2013)

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