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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 2013
  • pp: 6131–6137

All-optical controlled switching in centrally coupled circular array of nonlinear optical fibers

Sara Tofighi and Ali Reza Bahrampour  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 25, pp. 6131-6137 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.006131


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Abstract

We show that, in a nonlinear centrally coupled circular array of evanescently coupled fibers, the coupling dynamics of a weak signal beam can be efficiently influenced by a high-power control beam that induces nonlinear defects. When the intense control beam is launched into the central core and one core in the periphery, then localized solitons are formed and cause the fibers with induced defects (defected fibers) to decouple from the other array elements. In the presence of a high-intensity control beam, the propagation of weak signal is restricted to the defected optical fibers. The weak signal periodically couples between the induced defects. This oscillatory behavior depends on the sign of the (Kerr-type) nonlinearity and the initial phase difference between the control fields injected to the central and one of the peripheral fibers. This all-optical network has the advantage of routing and switching the weak signal field in a controlled way by adjusting the parameters of intense control field.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 21, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 22, 2013
Published: August 22, 2013

Citation
Sara Tofighi and Ali Reza Bahrampour, "All-optical controlled switching in centrally coupled circular array of nonlinear optical fibers," Appl. Opt. 52, 6131-6137 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-52-25-6131


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