OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 2013
  • pp: 6359–6363

Interferometric vibration sensor using phase-generated carrier method

Yang Li, Zhibo Liu, Yan Liu, Lin Ma, Zhongwei Tan, and Shuisheng Jian  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 25, pp. 6359-6363 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (489 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An interferometric fiber-optic vibration sensing system using the phase-generated carrier (PGC) method is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensing section consists of a Sagnac interferometer combined with a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, a length of sensing fiber is shared between the two interferometers. The PGC demodulation scheme is used to demodulate the time-varying phase shifts induced by vibrations. Spatial information can be extracted from the demodulated results. A prototype sensing system with a 628 m long sensing fiber has been tested and a spatial resolution better than 12 m is successfully achieved.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.7280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Vibration analysis

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

Original Manuscript: June 6, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 8, 2013
Published: August 29, 2013

Yang Li, Zhibo Liu, Yan Liu, Lin Ma, Zhongwei Tan, and Shuisheng Jian, "Interferometric vibration sensor using phase-generated carrier method," Appl. Opt. 52, 6359-6363 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. C. Juarez, E. W. Maier, C. Kyoo Nam, and H. F. Taylor, “Distributed fiber-optic intrusion sensor system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2081–2087 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. J. C. Juarez and H. F. Taylor, “Field test of a distributed fiber-optic intrusion sensor system for long perimeters,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1968–1971 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Gao, Z. Jiang, Y. Zhao, L. Zhu, and G. Zhao, “Full distributed fiber optical sensor for intrusion detection in application to buried pipelines,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, 633–635 (2005).
  4. S. Liang, C. Zhang, W. Lin, L. Li, C. Li, X. Feng, and B. Lin, “Fiber-optic intrinsic distributed acoustic emission sensor for large structure health monitoring,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1858–1860 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Wang and Z. Jiang, “Application of Golay codes to distributed optical fiber sensor for long-distance oil pipeline leakage and external damage detection,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 4, 141–144 (2006).
  6. A. A. Chtcherbakov, P. L. Swart, and S. J. Spammer, “Mach–Zehnder and modified Sagnac-distributed fiber-optic impact sensor,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3432–3437 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. J. P. Dakin, D. A. Pearce, C. A. Wade, and A. Strong, “A novel distributed optical fibre sensing system, enabling location of disturbances in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 838, 325–328 (1987). [CrossRef]
  8. F. Xiaojun, “A variable-loop Sagnac interferometer for distributed impact sensing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2250–2254 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. X. Fang, “Fiber-optic distributed sensing by a two-loop Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 21, 444–446 (1996). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Zhang, C. Xi, Y. Liang, and H. Zuo, “Dual-Sagnac optical fiber sensor used in acoustic emission source location,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Cross Strait Quad-Regional Radio Science and Wireless Technology (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1598–1602.
  11. S. J. Spammer, P. L. Swart, and A. A. Chtcherbakov, “Distributed dual-wavelength Sagnac impact sensor,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 17, 170–173 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. W. Xu, C. Zhang, S. Liang, L. Li, W. Lin, and Y. Yang, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on a Sagnac interferometer with a time delay loop for detecting time-varying disturbance,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 51, 2564–2567 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Spammer, P. L. Swart, and A. A. Chtcherbakov, “Merged Sagnac–Michelson interferometer for distributed disturbance detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 972–976 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. Q. Sun, D. Liu, J. Wang, and H. Liu, “Distributed fiber-optic vibration sensor using a ring Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1538–1544 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. X. Hong, J. Wu, C. Zuo, F. Liu, H. Guo, and K. Xu, “Dual Michelson interferometers for distributed vibration detection,” Appl. Opt. 50, 4333–4338 (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. S. J. Spammer, P. L. Swart, and A. Booysen, “Interferometric distributed optical-fiber sensor,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4522–4525 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. A. D. Kersey, A. C. Lewin, and D. A. Jackson, “Pseudo-heterodyne detection scheme for the fibre gyroscope,” Electron. Lett. 20, 368–370 (1984). [CrossRef]
  18. W. Jianfei, L. Hong, M. Zhou, and H. Yongming, “Experimental research of an all-polarization-maintaining optical fiber vector hydrophone,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1178–1184 (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. L. Wang, J. He, F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Ultra low frequency phase generated carrier demodulation technique for fiber sensors,” Chin. J. Lasers 38, 405001 (2011). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, “Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1635–1641 (1982). [CrossRef]
  21. D. A. Brown, C. B. Cameron, R. M. Keolian, D. L. Gardner, and S. L. Garrett, “A symmetric 3×3 coupler based demodulator for fiber optic interferometric sensors,” Proc. SPIE 1584, 328–335 (1991). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited