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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 26 — Sep. 10, 2013
  • pp: 6474–6480

Fabrication of two kinds of eight-fold photonic quasi-crystals assisted by a specially designed prism

Kai Shen, Guomin Jiang, Weidong Mao, Sarfaraz Baig, and Michael R. Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 26, pp. 6474-6480 (2013)

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We demonstrate that two kinds of 2D eight-fold photonic quasi-crystals (PQCs) can be fabricated by a specially designed prism via single-exposure holographic lithography. The prism with five continuous side surfaces out of common eight symmetrical side surfaces, plus a top surface, is well designed for PQC fabrication. Compared with the traditional method of setting up eight free-space beams in the half-space for an eight-fold PQC fabrication, our specially designed prism reduces the number of beams, avoids the differences of beam-to-beam phases, and simplifies the fabrication process. The theory and computer simulation confirm the patterns of two kinds of PQCs by a single prism illumination recording. Further, these quasi-crystal patterns are successfully verified by experimental results under a scanning electron microscope. In addition, these samples show some good properties, such as uniformity over large area, the implementation of a single defect by underexposure, and symmetry break of the eight dots. Our special prism-assisted holographic lithography technique provides a base for further investigating the optical properties of these novel structures.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(230.5480) Optical devices : Prisms
(110.4235) Imaging systems : Nanolithography
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: June 27, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 24, 2013
Published: September 3, 2013

Kai Shen, Guomin Jiang, Weidong Mao, Sarfaraz Baig, and Michael R. Wang, "Fabrication of two kinds of eight-fold photonic quasi-crystals assisted by a specially designed prism," Appl. Opt. 52, 6474-6480 (2013)

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