This paper presents an experiment and analysis on the factors affecting nonlinear evolution of Bragg wavelength with change in temperature in typical bare and embedded fiber Bragg grating-based (FBG) temperature sensors. The purpose of the study was to find the constants in the function required to evaluate temperature from Bragg wavelength shift. The temperature sensitivity of bare FBGs was found to increase with temperature elevation, and is different for FBGs written in different fiber types. The average temperature sensitivity increased by about 20% when the bare FBG temperature was elevated from 25°C to 525°C. The average temperature sensitivity of the embedded FBG sensor, investigated in the temperature range of 30°C–90°C, was a factor of 2–3 times larger than for bare FBG, depending on its fastened length with the substrate. Analytically, it is shown that the nonuniform behavior of temperature sensitivity in bare FBGs is the result of both the thermal expansion effect of the fiber and the temperature derivatives of the effective refractive index. The strain transfer and temperature coefficients of thermal expansion of the substrate affect the nonuniform behavior of temperature sensitivity in embedded FBG sensors.
© 2013 Optical Society of America
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
Original Manuscript: August 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 24, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 27, 2013
Published: October 28, 2013
R. Mahakud, J. Kumar, O. Prakash, and S. K. Dixit, "Study of the nonuniform behavior of temperature sensitivity in bare and embedded fiber Bragg gratings: experimental results and analysis," Appl. Opt. 52, 7570-7579 (2013)