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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 52, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 2013
  • pp: 8067–8072

Measurement of birefringence of nematic liquid crystal material by multiple-wavelength interferometry using nearly common-path single-stage Mach–Zehnder interferometer

M. Inam, V. Srivastava, and D. S. Mehta  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 33, pp. 8067-8072 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.008067


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Abstract

We report the measurement of birefringence of nematic liquid crystal (NLC) material using multiple-wavelength interferometry. A nearly common path single-stage Mach–Zehnder interferometer was used for recording interferograms of high stability. The Fourier transform fringe analysis technique was used to reconstruct the two-dimensional phase maps of interferograms consisting of the entire active area of the liquid crystal cell. Change in phase as a function of applied voltage to a liquid-crystal cell was measured for blue, green, and red color laser light, keeping the temperature constant during the experiment. From the change in phase, the birefringence for three colors, i.e., red, green, and blue light, was determined. It is found that the birefringence of NLC material for red, green, and blue colors decreases with the increase in wavelength in the visible range. The present method is noncontact, nonmechanical scanning and highly stable due to a common path interferometer.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(250.4390) Optoelectronics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: August 2, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 15, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 15, 2013
Published: November 15, 2013

Citation
M. Inam, V. Srivastava, and D. S. Mehta, "Measurement of birefringence of nematic liquid crystal material by multiple-wavelength interferometry using nearly common-path single-stage Mach–Zehnder interferometer," Appl. Opt. 52, 8067-8072 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-52-33-8067

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