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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 53, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2014
  • pp: 4187–4194

Spectral line polarimetry with a channeled polarimeter

Gerard van Harten, Frans Snik, Jeroen H. H. Rietjens, J. Martijn Smit, and Christoph U. Keller  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 19, pp. 4187-4194 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.53.004187


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Abstract

Channeled spectropolarimetry or spectral polarization modulation is an accurate technique for measuring the continuum polarization in one shot with no moving parts. We show how a dual-beam implementation also enables spectral line polarimetry at the intrinsic resolution, as in a classic beam-splitting polarimeter. Recording redundant polarization information in the two spectrally modulated beams of a polarizing beam-splitter even provides the possibility to perform a postfacto differential transmission correction that improves the accuracy of the spectral line polarimetry. We perform an error analysis to compare the accuracy of spectral line polarimetry to continuum polarimetry, degraded by a residual dark signal and differential transmission, as well as to quantify the impact of the transmission correction. We demonstrate the new techniques with a blue sky polarization measurement around the oxygen A absorption band using the groundSPEX instrument, yielding a polarization in the deepest part of the band of 0.160 ± 0.010 , significantly different from the polarization in the continuum of 0.2284 ± 0.0004 . The presented methods are applicable to any dual-beam channeled polarimeter, including implementations for snapshot imaging polarimetry.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(280.1100) Remote sensing and sensors : Aerosol detection
(280.1310) Remote sensing and sensors : Atmospheric scattering
(280.4991) Remote sensing and sensors : Passive remote sensing

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: March 13, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 20, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 20, 2014
Published: June 25, 2014

Citation
Gerard van Harten, Frans Snik, Jeroen H. H. Rietjens, J. Martijn Smit, and Christoph U. Keller, "Spectral line polarimetry with a channeled polarimeter," Appl. Opt. 53, 4187-4194 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-53-19-4187


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